Russian revolution

The Russian revolution in retreat, 1920-24: Soviet workers and the new communist elite - Simon Pirani

Lenin with Stalin

This critically acclaimed book, published in 2008, focuses on the retreat from the revolution’s aims in 1920-24, after the end of the civil war – and specifically, on the turbulent relationship between the working class and the Communist Party in those years.

Party Dictatorship or Workers Democracy: Introduction -- Oskar Anweiler

Oskar Anweiler on the workers' councils and the Bolshevik dictatorship in the Russian revolution.

The Kronstadt Rebellion: Still Significant 90 Years On

Shawn Hattingh, from the Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front in South Africa, on the Kronstadt Rebellion.

The crisis of power - Alexander Schapiro

An article by Russian anarcho-syndicalist Alexander Schapiro (1882-1946) written between the February and October revolutions in Russia, 1917.

State socialism - Jan Waclaw Machajski

Often discussed but seldom read, the writings of the maverick anarcho-syndicalist Machajski have largely been inaccessible up till now...

Did the Bolshevik seizure of power inaugurate a socialist revolution? A Marxian inquiry - Paresh Chattopadhyay

Chattopadhyay applies Marxian categories to the Russian Revolution of 1917 to examine its socialist content.

The Black Guards

Putilov factory meeting - Petrograd 1917

A short account of the Anarchist Black Guards and their suppression by the Bolsheviks in Moscow in 1918

The warrior: Nestor Makhno, the bandit who saved Moscow - Max Nomad

Biography of the Ukrainian anarchist guerrilla leader from Max Nomad's book, Apostles of Revolution.

Revolution and Dictatorship - Luigi Fabbri

Victor Serge.

Essay by Luigi Fabbri analysing the Russian revolution and its authoritarian distortion by the Bolsheviks, with Victor Serge (the "anarchist who has forgotten his principles") singled out for special criticism.

Baron, Aron Davidovich (aka Kantorovich, Faktorovich, Poleyevoy) 1891-1937

Aron Baron at Kropotkin's funeral

A short biography of Aron Baron, anarchist active in Russia and the Ukraine