Russian revolution

A word to the peasants and Workers of the Ukraine Revolutionary Insurgent Army of the Ukraine (Makhnovist)

A message to the workers and peasants of Ukrainian urging them to reject to Bolshevik Dictatorship.

Comrade peasants! Insurgent Army of the Ukraine (Makhnovist)

A communique by the Makhnovists concerning the occupation of the Red Army and the encroaching power of the Bolsheviks in the Ukraine.

Declaration of the Revolutionary Insurgent Army of the Ukraine (Makhnovist)

A declaration by the Makhnovist army to the Peasants and Workers of the Ukraine.

My visit to the Kremlin - Nestor Makhno

You want bread? Here's bread for you

The Ukrainian peasant Nestor Makhno visited Moscow in June, 1918 and had extensive interviews with the Bolshevik leaders Sverdlov and Lenin. This account amounts to two chapters from his memoirs and deals with his encounters with the Bolsheviks.

The guillotine at work - Gregori Maximov

Originally published in 1940 in two parts, this is the (partly eyewitness) account of the Leninist terror inflicted upon Russia during the revolution after 1917. Maximov, a life-long anarchist, fought in the Russian Revolution, organized with the metal-workers, and was imprisoned by Lenin's secret police in 1920 when he refused to join the Red Army: he was happy to fight the Whites, but not put down workers' and peasants' uprisings.

The guillotine at work, part 2: data and documents

Prisoners arrive at the Solovetsky Camp (1927)

This is part 2 of the The Guillotine at Work, containing documentation of the Bolshevik "Red Terror" in the wake of the Russian revolution, edited by Russian anarchist Gregori Maximov.

A history of socialist thought: volume IV, part I - communism and social democracy 1914-1931

Volume of GDH Cole's work examining social democracy and communism, looking at Italy and the German and Russian revolutions.

Bolshevik matters - Karl Kautsky

5 fragments of Kautsky on Bolshevik related matters published here for the first time.

Lessons of the counterrevolutions - Amadeo Bordiga

A 1953 text in which Amadeo Bordiga examines the lessons of counterrevolutions from the defeat of Spartacus to the Battle of Legnano in 1176 and from the Peasant War in Germany of 1525 to Stalinism (“State capitalism is not a semi-socialism, but just plain capitalism”) and recapitulates some “fundamental positions of Marxism”, which he describes as a “doctrine for the understanding of ... counterrevolutions”, since “everyone knows how to orient themselves at the moment of victory, but few are those who know what to do when defeat arrives” and “it is necessary to understand the counterrevolution in order to prepare the revolution of tomorrow”.