Kropotkin and the science of altruism

Science historians Oren Harman and Mark Borello discuss the science of altruism and the relationship between politics and science.

Is depression an adaptation?

Biologist Jerry Coyne tackles the assumptions of 'evolutionary psychiatry' in his commentary on the supposed adaptive nature of depression.

Neuroscience and war


Will neuroscientists join psychiatrists, psychologists and anthropologists in condemning the use of their labour in the service of war?

Class Science and Scientific Truth


The following article contains the text of the keynote address Richard Levins delivered at The New York Marxist School's Conference on Dialectical Materialism, held in October 1979. It was first published in Working Papers on Marxism and Science, published in 1981 by The New York Marxist School.

Sex, Jealousy & Violence: A Skeptical Look at Evolutionary Psychology

Philosopher David Buller tackles the evidential claims of primary exponents of Evolutionary Psychology. Buller challenges the paradigm and research programme of Evolutionary Psychology, rather than the notion of a psychology informed by evolution.

Against "Sociobiology"

A letter from Stephen Jay Gould, Richard Lewontin and members of the Sociobiology Study Group outlining criticisms of, and objections to, EO Wilson's 'Sociobiology: the new synthesis'

The Politics of Biological Determinism

Stephen Jay Gould tackles the notion that existing social hierarchies reflect innate abilities in his essay on the heritability of intelligence.

Evolution: The Pleasures of Pluralism Debate

Gould in Simpsons

In the second part of his critique of 'ultra Darwinism', Gould tackles the methodology of evolutionary psychology while defending the idea that psychology has much to learn from evolutionary biology.

Darwinian Fundamentalism


Paleontologist and science writer Stephen Jay Gould tackles 'ultra-Darwinism' in the first part of his response to Daniel C. Dennett's 'Darwin's Dangerous Idea'. Gould challenges the excesses of what he sees as pan-adaptationism, determinism and reductionism.

Medicine and the Spanish Civil War

A historical survey of medicine in Spain during the Spanish Civil War