Second International

Socialism and the Avant-Garde, 1880-1914 - Eric Hobsbawm

walter crane - solidarity of labour

Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm's account of the relationship between the prewar artistic avant-garde and the workers' movement of that period. Both converged in the late nineteenth century, diverged quite sharply in the first phase of radical 'modernism', but found each other again - at least for a few passionate years - under the impact of the Great War and the October Revolution.

Second International - further reading guide

Karl Kautsky, leading figure in the Second International

Libcom's guide to further reading on the Second International.

Marxism is Dead! Long Live Marxism - Mike Rooke

Poster for the Third International

An examination of the limits of 2nd & 3rd International 'Orthodox Marxism' and the later theoretical contribution of the Situationist Guy Debord.

Marxism and Philosophy - Karl Korsch

On the philosophical content of Marxism, the role of dialectics and consciousness.