In the Summer of 1927 the Austrian Social Democrats remained powerful despite their history of collaboration with the government. In response to the acquittal of the murderers of a worker and his 8 year old son Viennese workers came out in force, in a series of riots. Fearing a revolution the Social Democratic party called a general strike and used its powerful Socialist Republican Guard to police the workers and keep them off the streets.
This history of the event has been written by a pacifist and so views this betrayal as a positive development.
Why is the United States the only advanced capitalist country with no labor party? This question is one of the great enduring puzzles of American political development, and it lies at the heart of a fundamental debate about the nature of American society. Tackling this debate head-on, Robin Archer puts forward a new explanation for why there is no American labor party–an explanation that suggests that much of the conventional wisdom about "American exceptionalism" is untenable.
Capitalist democracy: a contrast between the position of Lenin and that of Trotsky – American Fraction of the Left Communist International (1948)
Written by "G.S." in the March 1948 issue of International Bulletin, a publication of the American Fraction of the Left Communist International.
Austro-Marxist, Otto Bauer's contribution to the problems of the 'national question'. First published in German in 1907, this text has been cited in countless discussions of nationalism, from the writings of Lenin to Benedict Anderson’s 'Imagined Communities'. The issues Bauer addressed almost a century ago still challenge current debates on diversity and minority rights. Bauer advocated an early concept of multiculturalism and called for a system of self-determination for ethnic communities in which extensive autonomy would be granted within a confederal, multicultural state - Bauer's words, a "United States of Europe", with remarkable similarities to the contemporary European Union.
This article was written in May 1920 and was first published in the German paper Die Aktion. This translation first appeared in the London Workers' Group bulletin (no. 14, October 1983). A different english translation was published in the American journal Revolutionary Struggle, No. 2, Spring 1979.