social movements

Seething with the ideal : Galleanisti and class struggle in late 19th century and early 20th-century USA

Christopher Wellbrook analyzes the Italian-American insurrectionary anarchists of the early 20th Century.

The Galleanisti were a loose affiliation of working-class militants spread across Italian immigrant communities of the U.S. throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Their activity crystallized around the works of Italian insurrectionist Luigi Galleani and his paper, Cronica Sovversiva (The Subversive Chronicle).

Chronology: The Pre-War Korean Anarchist Movement (2)

Second of a two part chronology published in the Japanese journal Libero International. Part 1 was published in issue no. 1.


KWANGJU STUDENTSINCIDENT: trouble involving rival Korean and Japanese school students in Kwangju develops into nationwide patriotic student movement; 54,000 students in 194 schools strike, creating anti-Japan movement which continues until March 1930.


Chronology: The Pre-War Korean Anarchist Movement

First of a two part chronology published in the Japanese journal Libero International. Part 2 was published in issue no. 2.


DECLARATIONOF INDEPENDENCE CELEBRATED: Tokyo Conference of Assoc. of Japan Korean Students declares Korean independence in name of 'Young Koreans' Independence League'.



Greek, Italian and other anarchists in Egypt

An account of the Greek, Italian and other anarchists and radicals active in Egypt during the last decades of the 19th and the first decades of the 20th century.

The first trade union in Egypt under the name Brotherhood of Workers founded in 1872 by Greek workers, most of which came from the island of Corfu. 

The first anarchist publication in Egypt appeared in Alexandria, probably in 1877 with the title «Il Lavoratore» («The Worker") in Italian language.

Anarchism and the ZZZ in Poland, 1919-1939

Two articles on the history of the anarchist movement and anarcho-syndicalist union ZZZ in Poland between the two world wars.

Scanned by from a special supplement of Rebel Worker, the PDF contains two articles: "History of the Polish anarchist movement 1919-1929" by the FAU and "The ZZZ and Poland 1929-1939" by NSF, the Norwegian section of the International Workers Association.

Chile: anarchism, the IWW and the workers movement

Two articles on the history of the Chilean working class movement and its libertarian, revolutionary origins, examining in particular the Industrial Workers Of The World (IWW) and the Chilean Regional Workers Federation (FORC).

Scanned by from a special supplement of Rebel Worker, which contains two articles, "Chile: anarchism the workers movement" from Black Flag magazine in 1983, and "the IWW in Chile" by GW.

Organized Labor in Brazil 1900-1937: From Anarchist Origins to Government Control - Colin Everett

Colin Everett recounts the anarcho-syndicalist origins of the Brazilian labour movement, and its eventual supersession by authoritarian, state-linked unions.


The German-Dutch communist left - Philippe Bourrinet

Revised edition of Philippe Bourrinet's history of the Dutch and German left communist currents.

This edition taken from the "Left Wing" Communism - An Infantile Disorder? website.

The original edition of this history is available via the International Communist Current.

Socialist, anarchist and revolutionary movements in Patras in 1880s

Brief chronology of revolutionary groups, movements, events and individuals in the Greek town of Patras.

In 1877 in Patras a People’s School was founded by a number of local progressive intellectuals, a form of secular university, which, however, waned after a while.

In 1879, socialist Vlassis Tselios, published the newspaper “Synthima” ("Password"). On January 24, 1882, he published another weekly newspaper under the name “Ergatis” ("Worker") which circulated until 1884.

Syndicalism and anarcho-syndicalism in Germany

FAUD - anarcho-syndikalisten

The following text comprises an introduction to the development of German syndicalism from its beginnings in 1890 until the end of its organized form in the early 1960s.

The emphasis of this introduction, however, centers on the period before and leading up to 1933, when the National Socialists under Adolf Hitler ascended to power. Syndicalism, and more specifically Anarcho-Syndicalism are movements that have been largely forgotten. This albeit superficial outline should, at its conclusion, show that this movement was not always so obscure and unknown.