South Africa

Black Consciousness 1977-1987: The dialectics of liberation in South Africa

AZAPO militants in the 80s

Article on the Black Consciousness movement by Nigel Gibson from 1988.

Rick Turner: A Biographical Introduction

Rick Turner was a South African philosopher and trade unionist who was assassinated in Durban in 1978. He had a significant influence on a generation of activists introducing ideas around participatory democracy and charting a democratic course independent of both the Stalinist and Trotskyist left at the time.

Legacies and meanings of the United Democratic Front (UDF) period for contemporary South Africa

United Democratic Front

This essay by Raymond Suttner, former UDF militant and political prisoner, examines the politics of the UDF.

The Workers' Struggle - where does Fosatu stand


This is the text of a famous speech given by Joe Foster, a workerist militant in FOSATU.

Towards a People's Democracy: The UDF View

United Democratic Front

This is the text of a speech given by UDF militant Murphy Morobe in 1987.

The Intellectual Foundations of the Black Consciousness Movement

Steve Biko

The essay, by Mabogo More, is an examination of the philosophical foundations of the Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa.

The Third Day of September (The Sebokeng Rebellion of 1984)

An eyewitness account, by Johannes Rantete, of the 1984 uprising in the township of Sebokeng.

New Report on Repression of the Landless People's Movement in Johannesburg

This statement, from the Landless People's Movement (LPM), welcomes the new report and links to a pdf of the report.

Class Contradictions and Class Alliances: The Social Nature of ICU Leadership, 1924-1929


An examination of the class character of the leadership of the ICU by Helen Bradford.

The capacities of the people versus a predominant, militarist, ethno-nationalist elite: democratisation in South Africa c. 1973 - 1997

United Democratic Front

From the early 1970s until the end of apartheid there was a major popular democratic surge in South Africa.