Spanish civil war

Anarchy #005

Issue of Anarchy magazine from July 1961 primarily about the Spanish Civil War.

The Spanish revolution 1931-1939 - Pierre Broué

An essay on the “political” dimension of the revolution and the years immediately preceding it in Spain during the 1930s, “the struggle of the Spanish workers and peasants for their rights and liberties, for the factories and the land, and finally, for political power”, examining not only “demonstrations, strikes, storming the prisons, militiamen clad in overalls, barricades, dinamiteros, summary executions and collectivizations” but also “contradictory exegeses, theoretical debates, polemics and personal conflicts, and battles between political machines, fractions and tendencies”, as well as the “ever-present” menace of the counterrevolution.

An Interview with Miguel Amorós – Cazarabet-El Sueño Igualitario

In this 2015 interview, Miguel Amorós discusses his book about Buenaventura Durruti, Durruti in the Labyrinth (2006), the controversies and enigmas surrounding the untimely and mysterious death of this charismatic figure of anarchism, and the impact of his death on the anarchosyndicalist movement in Spain during the civil war, which Amorós says was not dependent on the actions of any single individual, but that his demise demoralized the rank and file of the anarchist movement and reinforced the trend towards bureaucratization in the CNT-FAI by providing those institutions with a martyr for propaganda purposes to rally the masses behind the war and government collaboration.

Anarchy in the navy - Peter E Newell

Republican sailors playing musical instruments on board battleship Jaime I

Article responding to the frequent historical criticism of anarchism that a ship could not be run without hierarchy, using the example of sailor-run ships during the Spanish Civil War.

The historical significance of the POUM - Wilebaldo Solano

In this text based on a presentation delivered in 1985 at a conference on the POUM held in Madrid, the former leader of the Iberian Communist Youth, and the last general secretary of the POUM, reviews the history of the POUM and discusses the background of its leading militants in anarchosyndicalism and Spanish communism, its leading role in the founding of the Workers Alliance and the October 1934 insurrection in Asturias, it founding in 1935, the Popular Front and the February 1936 elections, its fight against Stalinist repression and its persecution under the Negrín government during the civil war, and the fates of the party’s militants underground and in exile.

Spain and the World. Vol. 1, no. 13

The thirteenth edition of Spain and the World, dated 4th June, 1937.

Spain and the World. Vol. 1, no. 11

The eleventh edition of the journal Spain and the World, dated 1st May, 1937.

The Fighting-call. Vol. 1, no. 2

The second edition of Fighting-call, a journal of the Freedom Group and Anti-Parliamentary Communist Federation, from November 1936.

Save Spain. Act!: Radio speeches by Ethel MacDonald

Ethel MacDonald's speeches on the Spanish civil war. Published 1st May, 1937.

Revolution and counterrevolution in Catalonia - Carlos Semprún Maura

First published in France in 1974, a “critical analysis of the bureaucratization of the CNT, with regard to both the political as well as the economic terrain”, bureaucratization which the author claims was “total and complete”, with discussions of certain historical turning points and watershed moments (e.g., the militarization of the militias, the May Events and the overthrow of the Council of Aragon), and extensive passages quoted from eyewitness accounts (e.g., Marcel Ollivier’s Les journées sanglantes de Barcelone), newspaper articles and official documents that have not previously appeared in English translation.