Pannekoek's experience of the German revolution led him to observe that the workers' own struggle needed continuously to break down regimes and forms resulting from previous struggles. This gave him a powerful analysis of opportunism and enabled him to perceive the dangers of mere representation of the working class.
Pantheon building is poor historical materialism and leads to an impoverished 'history and yet it has been the essence of the bolshevik tradition's historiography. Linked to this is a scholasticim that refers to the writings of the pantheon to resolve all questions and disputes rather in the manner that fundamentalist Christians refer to the Old Testament.
The original French version of the Mouvement Communiste pamphlet on Hungary 56.
HONGRIE 1956: insurrection, conseils ouvriers, question militaire, «Le prolétariat à l’assaut du ciel»
Mouvement Communiste’s analysis of the Hungary ’56 workers’ uprising. Stresses the importance of the collective actions taken by workers at the point of production and critically examines the demands and programmes that they put forward.
(full title: Hungary 1956: insurrection, workers’ councils, the military question, “the proletariat storming heaven”)
American Situationist magazine Point Blank! on workers' councils.
If we are radical enough to imagine the reality of a situationist revolution, we can also think of its consequences. Up until now, the situationists have been unique in their willingness to speak of the positive aspects of proletarian revolution, but even in this respect very little has been said about the concrete problems which will arise in any practical attempt in self-management.
Karl Korsch on problems with the workers' councils in the German revolution, written in 1921.
Oskar Anweiler on the workers' councils and the Bolshevik dictatorship in the Russian revolution.
(Originally published in: Frits Kool and Erwin Oberländer, Arbeiterdemokratie oder Parteidiktatur. Ed. Herbert Lüthy, Walter-Verlag AG Olten, Buchergilde Gutenberg Frankfurt. Zürich, 1968. A collection of texts of the left opposition in the Bolshevik party, 1918-1923, to which reference is occasionally made in footnotes—e.g., “See text no. 8”, etc.). C
Carl Boggs writes on the movement for workers' councils, looking at the examples of the failures of the Russian and German revolutions, and the Italian Biennio Rosso.
A conspicuous deficiency of the Marxist tradition has been the failure to produce a theory of the state and political action that could furnish the basis of a democratic and non-authoritarian revolutionary process.
Guido De Masi and Giacomo Marramao write on the German workers' councils and council communist movement around the German revolution of 1918.