Eugen Leviné (1883 – 1919) was one of the leaders of the short-lived Bavarian Council Republic and a member of the Communist Party of Germany. Along with hundreds of other workers, communists, socialists and anarchists, he was arrested following the attack on Munich by the German Army and the Freikorps, and later executed. In June 1919, while on trial for high treason, Leviné made his last speech.
A translation of two documents from the 1918 Founding Congress of the Communist Workers’ Party of Poland (KPRP): the political platform of the party and a proclamation directed to the proletariat of Poland. These documents represent the early politics of the KPRP, which have been by some characterised as ‘Luxemburgist’ or ‘ultra-leftist’ (e.g. opposition to national self-determination, rejection of parliamentarism).
The history of the German and Italian left is relatively well known, even if mainly within left communist circles. We know that similar currents existed in other communist parties, although much of that history is yet still to be documented. This article is an attempt at that. The first section is an introduction to the history of the Communist Workers’ Party of Poland (KPRP) and the second a more thorough look at its left-wing.
'To the proletariat of Poland!' – joint proclamation of the SDKPiL, PPS-Left and the Bund from August 1914
On the eve of the First World War, the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania, the Polish Socialist Party – Left, and the Bund produced the following statement upholding internationalist principles. Written very much in the language of the period, the proclamation opposed the war on all sides, advocated independent revolutionary action of the proletariat, and stood in solidarity with the movements in Russia and the rest of Europe.