Antonio Gramsci

The Bordigist Current (1912-1952): Italy, France, Belgium, USA - Philippe Bourrinet

Updated, substantially-expanded, 2013 Philippe Bourrinet text on the history of the Italian Communist Left.

Hegemony and socialist strategy: towards a radical democratic politics - Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe

In this hugely influential book, Laclau and Mouffe examine the workings of hegemony and contemporary social struggles, and their significance for democratic theory. With the emergence of new social and political identities, and the frequent attacks on Left theory for its essentialist underpinnings, 'Hegemony and Socialist Strategy' remains as relevant as ever, positing a much-needed antidote against 'Third Way' attempts to overcome the antagonism between Left and Right.

Selections from the prison notebooks - Antonio Gramsci

Almost five hundred pages of Gramsci's writings on history, culture, politics, and philosophy. From the study of philosophy to problems of Marx, Marxism, and Machiavelli, to the state and civil society. We have huge disagreements with Gramsci's (essentially Stalinist) politics, but reproduce this text for reference.

Amadeo Bordiga and the myth of Antonio Gramsci - John Chiaradia

Plaque commemorating Gramsci in Moscow

Useful article about the relationship between Bordiga and Gramsci and the stalinisation of the Italian workers' movement.

Gramsci and syndicalism - Tom Wetzel

Antonio Gramsci

Tom Wetzel on the Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci, the Italian factory council movement of 1919-1920, and the anarcho-syndicalist advocacy of revolutionary unionism.

Soviets in Italy - Antonio Gramsci

1920 text on workers' councils in Italy by Antonio Gramsci.

The Third Generation: the Young Socialists in Italy, 1907-1915 - Canadian Journal of History, 1996

The youthful Bordiga

This is a wonderfully informative text about the political milieu that produced Bordiga, Gramsci and, of course, Mussolini... It describes the increasing radicalisation of the youth wing of the italian Socialists from 1910 onwards, leading to increasing adoption of anti-militarist, anti-nationalist and antiparliamentary policies by its most active members.

It's available online elsewhere in various various fragmented and badly proofread versions, so here's a cleaned up version.

An Address to the Anarchists - Antonio Gramsci, 1920

Writing on the eve of the April 1920 Turin general strike led by factory councils, Gramsci attacks the Italian anarchists in a rather patronising way, claiming that anarchists expressed only empty abstraction and ideal 'absolute truths' and that in the course of a revolution anarchist workers would overcome their 'illusions' to realise the necessity for the existence of the mythical 'proletarian state'.

Antonio Gramsci and the Bolshevization of the PCI - Thomas R Bates

Thomas R. Bates on Gramsci's role in the turn of the Italian Communist Party towards Bolshevik methods. In PDF format.