colonialism

1947 General Strike, Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

An account by T. B. Dissanayake of the 1947 general strike in Ceylon, now Sri Lanka

Fanon’s Dialectic of Experience

Fanon’s Dialectic of Experience

Ato Sekyi-Otu's Fanon’s Dialectic of Experience invites us to see Fanon as a dramatist enacting a movement of experience—the drama of social agents in the colonial context and its aftermath.

Frantz Fanon, Psychiatry and Politics

Frantz Fanon, Psychiatry and Politics

An analysis of Frantz Fanon's psychiatric writings by Nigel C. Gibson and Roberto Beneduce.

Reflections on Pan-Africanism

Transcript of speech given on November 20, 1973. James discusses George Padmore's break with the USSR, Jomo Kenyatta, Kwame Nkrumah, Julius Nyerere and other figures.

The 1945 Nigerian General Strike

In 1945 a general strike involving tens of thousands of workers began with railway workers, then spread to other nationalised industries including dock and civil service workers, with workers at private firms supporting the strike and refusing to cross picket lines. Estimates of involvement range between 42,000 to 200,000 workers making it one of the largest strikes in colonial Africa up until that point.

The Iva Valley miners strike and massacre at Enugu colliery, 1949

On the 18th November 1949, 21 striking miners and a bystander were shot dead at a British government-owned coal mine at Enugu, Nigeria; 51 were injured.

Mwalimu Nyerere and the challenge of human rights

Nyerere

Article from Pambuzuka which examines Nyerere's record on human rights. While the article is generally pro-Nyerere it details some of the contradictions of Tanzania's post-colonial record, particularly the maintenance of pre-colonial Penal and deportation codes.

The 1948 Zanzibar General Strike

A history of the three week general strike in Zanzibar, 1948.

The Rise and Fall and Insurrection of Trade Unionism in Tanzania

Chachage Seithy L. Chachage

An overview of the development of trade unions in Tanzania between the 1920s and 1990s by Tanzanian sociologist Chachage Seithy L. Chachage.

The Nairobi General Strike, 1950: From Protest to Insurgency

Government Road, Nairobi, 1950

The Nairobi General Strike [1950] was the culmination of Kenya’s post war strike wave and urban upheaval. An unprecedented upsurge occurred with the general strikes in Mombasa [1947] led by the African Workers Federation [A.W.F.] and in Nairobi by the East African Trades Union Congress [E.A.T.U.C.]. While this has been termed and treated as a city wide strike, there is enough evidence to suggest a movement that went some way beyond Nairobi. The extent of the cohesion and reciprocal impacts amongst urban and rural Africans involved in the strike were underplayed by the colonial government and the media that followed it.