colonialism

The Malayan emergency in retrospect: organisation of a successful counterinsurgency effort

A 'New Village' (resettlement/concentration camp)

A report produced by R. W. Komer for the RAND corporation, detailing the measures taken by British forces during the Malayan Emergency 1948-1960, which included the forced resettlement of half a million ethnic Chinese in concentration camps 'New Villages', restrictions in food supplies and massacres.

The Mau Mau uprising, 1952-1956

Mau Mau fighters, 1954

A short overview of the Mau Mau rebellion against the British Empire in Kenya, which was brutally suppressed by the colonial administration.

The colonial question: an initial balance‑sheet

1957 article by the International Communist Party, published in 'Il Programma Comunista', author anonymous.

The Dragon and the Hydra: A Historical Study of Organizational Methods

Tacky's War

Investigation by Russell Marroon Schoatz into the methods of organisation used by maroons in Suriname and Jamaica, and the conflict between hierarchical and decentralised forms of organisation in the Haitian revolution.

A short history of colonialism in Congo, 1885-1997

A missionary with a child whose hand had been severed

A very short overview of Belgian, and latterly US, imperialism in Congo, written by Marty Jezer in 2001.

The Gold Coast Revolution

George Padmore's analysis of the independence movement on the Gold Coast against British rule, leading to the founding of Ghana under the presidency of Kwame Nkrumah.

Patterns of rural protest: Chiefs, slaves, and peasants in north western Sierra Leone 1896-1956

PhD dissertation by Ismail Rachid focusing on slave and peasant resistance to British colonial rule and local elites between 1896 to 1956.

Reflections on the 1955 Freetown Riots by a senior police officer

Freetown, 1960s

This is not a first hand account of the riots, and it is given from the point of view of a police officer, however due to the lack of information about these events online in general we make it available for reference.

Strikes and riots in Sierra Leone, 1955 (Hansard)

1956 stamp from Sierra Leone

Discussion from the House of Commons after British troops suppressed strikes and riots in Sierra Leone by shooting into crowds, killing twenty people including five schoolchildren and injuring many others.

Lennox Boyd was the conservative secretary of state for the colonies. J Johnson was a Labour Party opposition MP.

Puerto Rico: flame of resistance

US troops invade Puerto Rico

This is a hard to find book providing an overview of resistance leaders, movements, and attempts at self-government in Puerto Rico.