general strikes

1984: Uruguay General Strike

In 1984 a series of on day General Strikes paralysed the country and forced the ruling Junta to give up power and restore civilian rule.

1927: Austrian General Strike

In the Summer of 1927 the Austrian Social Democrats remained powerful despite their history of collaboration with the government. In response to the acquittal of the murderers of a worker and his 8 year old son Viennese workers came out in force, in a series of riots. Fearing a revolution the Social Democratic party called a general strike and used its powerful Socialist Republican Guard to police the workers and keep them off the streets.

This history of the event has been written by a pacifist and so views this betrayal as a positive development.

1935: Cuban General Strike

After the defeat of the Dictator Gerardo Machado Cuba was governed by a Junta headed by Batista and Mendieta. In 1935 another General Strike sort to forced the Junta to restore civilian rule. In response Batista unleashed a wave of state terror.

1933: Cuban General Strike

In 1933 the bloody regime of Gerardo Machado came to an end when a general strike paralysed the economy. A last minute deal with the Cuban Communist Party failed to save the regime and Machado fled into exile.

1931: Chileans Overthrow Dictator Carlos Ibañez del Campo

Demonstration against the Dictatorship in July 1931

In response to economic depression the Chilean state became a Dictatorship. In response Chilean students and workers engaged in a general strike and occupation of universities demanding a return to civilian rule.

1902: Belgian General Strike

In the late 19th century, the Belgian state tried several tricks to keep its parliament dominated by the wealthier classes. In response a serious of general strikes were used to force the government to implement reforms. However the Belgian Workers Party was often a hindrance in these struggles as the 1902 strike demonstrates.

Senegal General Strike: 1945-46

Rising prices and stagnant wages led to a strike wave in the French colony of Senegal. In addition to wage increases the strike forced the governor to recognise workers organisations and influences over struggles in the region.

1986-88: Haitians Demand Civilians Government and Democratic Election

Tonton Macoutes patrolling a Haitian street 1988

After the downfall of Baby Doc Duvalier Haiti was ruled by a US supported Junta. The campaign that toppled Duvalier continued to oppose the Junta and its campaign of violence and economic policies.

Haitians overthrow regime, 1984-1986

Article on the two year long campaign of demonstrations and strikes that toppled the Dictatorship of Jean Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier.

Grand National Holiday, and Congress of the Productive Classes: William Benbow

Carciature of William Benbow in 1848 issue of Punch

Published in 1832 this pamphlet is possibly the earliest published advocacy for a general strike as a means for dismantling inequality and the oppression of the ruling class. Self published by William Benbow an unconventional preacher and 19th century radical, the "Sacred Month" was adopted by the Chartists in 1839 though Benbow was arrested before it started.