forgotten great theoreticians

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Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Sep 2 2010 23:26

Naum Mikhailovich Lenzner (Russian: Наум Михайлович Ленцнер) born in 1902 at Vitim-Kirensk, Irkutsk province, was an editor and journalist.

He graduated 4th-class in Realschule. In May 1918 joined the Communist Party, was secretary of the party organization of the RCP (b) in Bodaybo. And then rose to a member of the Irkutsk Regional Committee and Provincial Committee of the RCP (b), the Secretary of the Far Eastern Bureau RKSM. He was a delegate to the Tenth Congress of the RCP (b). In 1923 - 1925 he studied at the Institute of Red Professors, the following six years worked in the ECCI.

He was the private secretary of Trotsky. One of the editors and the author comments on the third volume of the Complete Works of L. Trotsky. See Stalin's speech Leninism or Troskyism

From April to June 1932 Lenzner was approved as editor of 'Work', adding to the list of editors who changed at lightning speed. In June he became deputy director of mass propaganda department of the CC CP (B) B.
In April 1933, fate landed him in Senno (Belarus) the position of Party Secretary's KP (b) B, and within a year and three months - in the seat of editor-in-chief of the newspaper "Zvezda", where he served until January 1935. In the same year he went to Dnipropetrovsk, he was appointed deputy head of the regional land management.

But on April 1, 1936 Naum Mikhailovich was arrested on charges of involvement in the "counter-revolutionary Trotskyite terrorist organization." October 2, 1936 the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court sentenced to death. The verdict led to the execution on the same day in Moscow. On June 6, 1956 Lenzner was rehabilitated.


Some publications;

Articles in 'Under the banner of marxism' (1923-1925)

Second and third international, 1924, Young Guard

La Question Chinoise, La Correspondance Internationale, June 29, 1927


That last newspaper is the famous 'Inprecor' or Inprekorr'. Does anyone know how to find more (like an index) about this journal (I already checked wiki, doesn't say much).

Noa Rodman's picture
Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Apr 28 2017 19:32

Isaak Kliment'evich [Kalmanovich] Dashkovskij (Russian: Исаак Климентьевич [Кальманович] Дашковский, Ukrainian: І.К. Дашков­ський)

7 February 1891 - 16 May 1972, economist, member of the group of Democratic Centralism.

Translated articles;

Translated letter to fellow decist leader Sapronov (09.10.1929). The collection from which this is taken also includes a letter from Charetsko to Dashkovskij (28.8.1929), a letter from Smirnov to his comrades, mentioning some of Dashkovskij's views, as well as what looks like a draft letter by Smirnov concerning Dashkovskij et al.'s exclusion to the presidium in December 1927.

Born in Cherkasy province, Zvenyhorodka raion, Мизиновка (source); Jewish.

Professor at Kharkov University. At the same time taught courses in Political Economy in the Kharkov Institute of Technology since 1921. Rector of the Communist University Artem in 1923-1924. Author of over 500 scientific publications. Repressed. Rehabilitated for lack of evidence by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR in 1956.
Selected bibliography (more see below): The economic situation and the "left course" (online); The market and the price in a modern economy (Kharkov, 1925), "World capitalism and the Dawes Plan (1925).


After years of silence and falsification of history, the question of
restoration of the truth and the real picture of the revolution was raised by
professor I. K. Dashkovskij. A member of the Communist party (b) since March 1917, Dashkovsky in June 1927 signed the "platform of 15" - the last open attempt by Trotsky and colleagues to oppose Stalin, and in the same year was excluded from CPSU. Since his rehabilitation in 1956 Dashkovsky began to fight for the restoration of the truth. He collected material, wrote numerous articles, which for the most part were filed in the table of the editors. In 1971 the professor appealed to the XXIV Party Congress, where he again insisted on the need to revise history. In his letter he notes that he, most likely, is - the only survivor of those who signed the "platform 15" and "Platform 83".


All venues of journalism were closed for other opponents, especially true for representatives of "democratic centralism" (Democratic Centralists), who occupied in their critique of Stalinism an even more intransigent position. They appealed to the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) July 27, 1927 with a letter, which came into history as the "Platform 15", which concludes: "The current leaders of the CC approach the final limit of sliding from proletarian positions." The majority promised to the opposition in the pre-Congress debates the publication of its counter-theses and articles. Democratic Centralists tried to use this possibility, but their documents found no place in periodicals. When a polemical article by Democratic Centralists I.K. Dashkovskij was transmitted to the editors of the Bolshevik, it was not only not printed in the magazine, but also in a matter of urgency the Politburo assembled (August 1927), which decided: "In view of the fact that the views developed by Dashkovskij in his article, are clearly hostile to our party, refer the question on him to the CCC. I.K. Dashkovsky as a "degenerate element, certainly hostile to the party of the proletariat" was excluded from it (September 7). (There was a cry against "Dashkovskij-ists") This was reported by "Pravda" (September 10) and "Leningrad Pravda". Most Democratic Centralists sent to the Politburo and the Presidium of the CCC, CPSU (b) a statement of protest about this, considering the exclusion from the party of their comrade as "an act of terrorizing the party from the side of the party apparatus in the face of the forthcoming congress." However the XV congress of the CPSU (b) December 18, 1927 expelled the Democratic Centralists from the party "as an explicitly anti-revolutionary group".


More info from here source (e-translated):

The focus of the leadership of the CP (B) and party activists at that time was on Dashkovskij's article "On the intra-party theme" published in the newspaper "Communist" (1925, 28 October). The article was written in the spirit of discussion materials of 1923. It was mentioned in the publication of the central body of the CPSU (b) - the newspaper "Pravda", foreign emigre publications, widely discussed at the IX Congress of the CP(Ukraine) (B) in December of that year. It was a criticism of the current situation in the party, with suggestions for improvement. Dashkovskij noted that since 1923 an appeal to conduct inner democracy in practice and thus tacitly assumed that it's only words. "Impossible normal party mode - wrote Dashkovskij - when one, let numerous minor, members of the party announced almost "outlaw" on the grounds that during the discussion of her views do not coincide with the majority view." More Dashkovskij stressed that party-apparat not made democracy because it has no other traditions, but command. Into this mode, he thought, often fall those comrades that just because you can not blame "ideological bias" that they had no ideology. In his proposals Dashkovskij was not original: party-apparat renewal and improve the cultural and political level of the masses, as already discussed during the debate in 1923.

Dashkovskij was criticized in "Pravda" and the "Communist", and at the IX congress of the CP (Ukraine) (b). At the congress 11 delegates argue with regards to his article, including L. Kaganovich (twice), M. Kalinin, G. Petrovsky, I. Klimenko. Kaganovich said that Dashkovskyy "turmoil in his party over his head prescribes. The Congress Dashkovskyy spoke of "personal profile in the whole Party, the" advertising person "true seeing new trends in party life. Of course, the delegates unanimously condemned his "ideological alien views."


place of residence: Tomsk region., Kolpashevo
Arrest: 12/10/1929
Convicted. 02/23/1930. OBV. Article 19, KRD
Sentence: 3 years


Apparently made a statement on 24 June 1930 with the request of reinstatement to the presidium of the 16th Congress of the VKP (I found the following from this article, which is in Ukrainian: ):

In 1930 for 16th congress, he wrote that he broke with the opposition. Yaroslavsky replied that he must recognize not only the error of the Decist platform, but its counter-revolutionary nature. In a year time, he would be allowed to apply to return to the party. However there came no news from him.

In 1934 he appealed again to the CC, with the statement of accepting all the demands of the party. However, after the assassination of Kirov this statement not only had no positive effects, but rather was seen as an act of doublethink. As a result Dashkovsky was again arrested - he got 5 years in Krasnoyarsk prison and concentration camps (near Norilsk and Dudinka).

In 1941 he was allowed back to town of Vyatka, where he got a job as an economist. However in 1949 with a new wave of stalinist purges he again went into a camp near Bratsk. The last place of political imprisonment was near Tayshet, where he lectured on XXth Congress and technological progress in the 6th five-year plan. Complete judicial rehabilitation held in 1957, he returned to Kharkov at the age of 65.
Best 30 years of life in stalinist captivity - that was the price paid for opposition and independent thinking. One can only wonder how Dashkovsky survived. As he himself considered, he managed to withstand many years of repression because he was prepared for them and by 1937 he had already been "hardened" by combating in the inner-party struggle and by 10 years of exile and prison.

After release, he sent an appeal addressed to the XXth Party Congress, which was considered by the Committee of Party Control. But it dismissed him based on the several years he was a leader of the opposition, and since his expulsion from the party had passed thirty years. Further appeals had no avail, though, according to the official explanation, Dashkovsky was not forbidden to contact the basic organization with an application to the party on general grounds (I guess this means joining the party in the usual way for an ordinary citizen).
Dashkovsky had to seek retirement. Although he was a professor he had no higher education. He, the well-known scholar, had to take exams at a Moscow university in history of CPSU, political economy, etc. to get a degree. In 1958, he got pension based on his professorship.

In March 1971 Dashkovsky sent a letter to the XXIVth Congress of the CPSU, which he called "Political self-report to the XXIVth Congress. Instead of an appeal." In it, he briefly told his biography, assessed some historical works of the time.


In 1918 secretary of Saratovsk gorkoma party, polit-worker in 13th and 14th army, present at most Ukrainian com-party conferences and congresses until 1927.

Delegate for the 14th army to the 9th party congress in 1920.

At the fourth congress of the CP(b) of Ukraine, March 17-23, 1920, he together with Zalutskij proposed the liquidation of the Ukrainian socialist republic since 99% of the Ukraïnian peasantry is not interested in the question of an Ukraïnian Sovnarkom. (source) (for which he was accused of Great-chauvinism).

Defended with Zinoviev at the fifth congress in November 1920 the so-called theory of "struggle between two cultures".

He sided with Trotsky on the trade-union question (Профсоюзи и организация, 1921).

He became the rector of the Communist university Artyom in the summer of 1922.

He was a member of the editorial board of the organ of the CC of the CP (Ukraine) (B) - the newspaper "Communist".

He was a leading (economic) scientist in the Kharkov institute of national economy.

The platform of the 15 and its critics (1927) "Платформа 15-ти и ее критик"

Two articles from 1928 are online here;

The economic conjecture and the "Left" course

On self-criticism

See his articles in Under the Banner of Marxism.

Favorable review of Alfred Weber's "Theory of Industrial Location": Рецензия на книгу Вебера - Теория размещения промышленности // Хозяйство Украины № 11-12, 1926, 200-202

Lenin and the agrarian question (Ленин и аграрный вопрос).

October days in Zhytomyr on the south-western front: Октябрьские дни в Житомире и на Юго-зап. фронте. — "Кат. и Сс." 1927, IV (33), 131

Economics and technique: Экономика и техника // Хозяйство Украины. № 4-5. С. 5-21.

Economic notes: Экономические заметки // Хозяйство Украины. № 8 -9, 1927. С. 43 -62.

Production, reproduction and the problem of efficiency in soviet economy: Производство, воспроизводство и проблема эффективности в советском хозяйстве // Хоз-во украины. - 1927 - 9. - С. 44-62

After his expulsion from the party in 1927 he (as an economist) did continue to publish articles in journals such as Плановое Хозяйство (which is online) under the pseudonym "А. С." or "A. Svetlov" (at least until 1929). Here eg is his review of a book of Sombart (in issue Nr. 7 of 1928):
А. Светлов. В. Зомбарт — Хозяйственная жизнь в эпоху развитого капитализма.

In 1959 he translated Roy Harrod's 'Towards a Dynamic Economics'.

Excursus on the history of the party: Экскурс в историю партии

A critical auto-biography on the history of the CP (b) of Ukraine: Критико-автобиографические очерки. Об очерках истории Компартии Украйни // Особ. архів сім'ї Дашковскнх. — С. 60. 136 Архів ЦК Компартії України, ф. 1, оп. 1, спр. 42, арк. 80. І3

Market and price in contemporary economy (1925; 228 p.), here are the contents:

24 chapters: Forms of cooperation - Price and the distribution of productive forces - Price and value - Price, value and capital - Forces counter to free competition - Joint-stock form of enterprises - Capitalist monopolies - Prices and the conditions of reproduction of commodities - Price and the monopoly of land ownership - Economic (industrial) monopoly - Price in conditions of economic monopoly - Price and forms of monopolistic organizations - Contradictions of the monopolistic system of economy - Development of the world market - Labor value and international exchange - Law of value and the international division of labor - World trade and conditions of transport - Freedom of trade and protectionism - Customs duties and their economic importance - Post-war trade policy of imperialism - Price and internal taxation - Direct state regulation of prices - Historical experience - Market and planned regulation in contemporary Soviet economics.

In the text there are references to the work of economists Max Weber, Otto Effertz, Robert Liefmann, Mill, Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk, Franz Oppenheimer, Arthur Pigou, Gustav Cassel, N. Sukhanov and E. Varga, books on statistics of Western countries, but without exact names of the works and without pages. Gives examples on major Western monopolies, such as Stinnes, Lever Brothers, Coates (?), Standard Oil, etc.


More information in Roy Medvedev's Political diary (1975), on which Tamara Deutscher mentions the following in her 1976 review 'Intellectual opposition in the ussr', in the New Left Review:

No less curious is the exchange of letters between an old revolutionary, Professor Dashkovsky, and a radio commentator, Stepanov. Dashkovsky just ‘could not believe his ears’ when he heard on the radio remarks about Trotskyism as an ‘anti-Leninist tendency’ and about Trotsky himself as an opponent of Lenin during the July Days. Dashkovsky’s protest against this distortion of truth was made directly to the appropriate governmental authority. Stepanov answered and tried to prove his point. But Dashkovsky replied bluntly: you have not done your homework. You have not even read Lenin. And all your
adjectives and epithets about Trotskyism ‘are taken from the arsenal of the era of the personality cult’. No wonder that your mind is such a hotchpotch of erroneous ideas.

The 1972 edition (Joravsky and Haupt, NY) of Medvedev's "Let History Judge" contains more passages on Dashkovskij. The 1989 version quotes Dashkovskij's open letter (which of course was not published) to Voprosy Istorii of 1965:

"In this period the names of Lenin and Trotsky were invariably found together and embodied the October Revolution not only in posters, banners, and slogans but also solidly in the consciousness of the party, the people and the country." (p. 101)

And later Medvedev writes: "I must agree with Dashkovsky's statement that wherever Trotsky's train arrived on some sector of the front, it was the equivalent of a fresh division." (p. 108)

Medvedev mentions that he was (again) arrested in 1937. (p. 385) After the Twentieth Party Congress he was cleared of all charges. From 1956 on he lived on a pension in Kharkov, writing a substantial number of articles and essays on the history of the CPSU. (p. 101)

Dashkovskij's activities in the CP(b)U are found in: Равич-Черкасский: История Коммунистической партии (большевиков) Украины» (Харьков, 1923) (can be found online, see especially pages 154-181)). He was part of the so-called Kharkov Opposition, ie the Sapronov Opposition, also known as the Democratic Centralists (decists).

Noa Rodman's picture
Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Sep 13 2010 22:12

Vladimir Ivanovich Nevskiy


(pseudonym of Feodosii Ivanovich Krivobokov). Born May 2 (14), 1876, in Rostov-on-Don; died May 26, 1937. Soviet statesman and party official; historian. Member of the Communist Party from 1897. Son of a merchant.

Nevskii joined the revolutionary movement in 1895. He was one of the organizers of a Social Democratic circle in Rostov in 1897; he then studied at the natural science faculty of Moscow University. He was expelled in 1899 for revolutionary activity. Nevskii worked in Moscow in 1900 and was exiled in 1901 to Voronezh, where he helped found the Iskra Mutual Aid Struggle Fund organization. In 1904 he went to Geneva, where he met V. I. Lenin. Nevskii was an agent in Russia of the Bureau of Committees of the Majority in 1905 and a delegate to the First Conference of the RSDLP in Tammerfors in December of that year. Between 1906 and 1908 he was a member of the executive commission of the St. Petersburg committee of the RSDLP and a delegate to the Fourth (Unity) Congress of the RSDLP. From 1910, Nevskii worked in Rostov and Kharkov, where he graduated from the university in 1911; he contributed to Zvezda and Pravda. He was co-opted as a candidate member of the Central Committee of the RSDLP in 1913. That same year he participated in the Poronin Conference of the Central Committee of the RSDLP involving party workers; he also engaged in party work in Perm’ and Ekaterinburg. In 1917, Nevskii was one of the leaders of the military organization of the St. Petersburg committee and the Central Committee of the RSDLP (Bolshevik); a member of the editorial board of Soldatskaia pravda, Soldat, Derevenskaia bednota, and other newspapers; and a member of the Revolutionary Military Committee. (Nevsky on the events of the July 3-4n here)

After the October Revolution of 1917, Nevskii became people’s commissar of transportation. In 1919–20, he was a member of the Presidium and vice-chairman of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and concurrently chief of the department of the Central Committee of the RCP (Bolshevik) for work in the countryside. For a while he belonged to the Workers’ Opposition. He was rector of the Ia. M. Sverdlov Communist University in 1921. In 1922 he was appointed deputy chief of Istpart (Commission on Party History) of the Central Committee of the RCP (B). He became director of the V. I. Lenin Library in 1924. Nevskii was a delegate to the Eighth, Ninth, and Twelfth Party Congresses. He was a member of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and the Central Executive Committee of the USSR. He was the author of many works on the history of the party and of the revolutionary movement in Russia.

(what the 'great soviet encyclopedia' doesn't mention is his arrest in 1935 and execution in May 1937)

In 2008, a book appeared about V.I. Nevsky - (Belousov, G.A. "V.I. Nevsky: statesman, historian, man." Moscow, 2008.) For many years his name as the name of "enemy of the people "was not mentioned in the press, and his works, including on issues of history, have been bricked up in special depositories of libraries and not given to readers. (review)


Nevskiy wrote an appendix to Lenin's Materialism and Empirio-criticism, the second edition (1920). Korsch mentions him in his 1938 article on Lenin's philosophy. Unfortunately, Nevskiy's appendix was not included in other editions of MAEC, at least not the ones online, nor, I imagine, in the usual copies at libraries.

Joined: 3-12-09
Sep 13 2010 19:09

With exceptions like Pashukanis, the deservedly forgotten Bolshevik hacks mentioned on this thread didn't contribute much to any historical understanding, or of what was happening in the USSR. Most, if not all, were paid reformers of a counter-revolutionary régime. Stuchka, another of Rodnam's 'greats', became a useful state ideologist for Stalinism. Their sinister pasts would be good to bring out, for example Rudas's role in Hungary, and their enthusiastic support for the 'Red Terror' and Cheka. Jura remarks: "I think both Stučka and Pashukanis were important, perhaps not as much for the content of their theories (or their political leanings - according to most sources, they seem like pretty sleazy Chekists),..." (post 3)

The Bolshevik 'period of transition' showed to be the last port of call of 'the labour republic': an asiatic state reconfigured to shore up a capitalism collapsed into barbarism. Rodman offers no argument as to why most of these mystifiers, or 'great theoreticians', are worth studying (or venerating in his case). The list gets bigger, and it's mostly pointless in many cases unless one reads Russian. Obviously the matter of quality and content doesn't concern amanuensis Rodman, the real issue is to prostrate oneself on the altar of reformist or Stalinist scribblers, no matter what they say, as long as it's under the banner of Marxism.

Also, some eccentric swipes at 'idiots' (no reason given at all) and misspellers, in classic Rodmanian boomerang-style:

So mister egghead Ernest Kolman was one of them mathematics loving Leninists ivory tower Illuminati marxists, eh.

Cambridge? - Ooh la la

What a total idiot.



Ernest Natanovich Kolman

Kolman's middle name was actually Yaromovich (I love to be able to correct the expert on details;) )

But to be serious, that's a very welcome contribution jura, both regarding Kliman, I mean Kolman...

Is it that difficult to correct Kliman with Kolman? (post 20)

However, no need to abandon hope. Here are some pills against the quest for 'great theoreticians':

Boris Badenov
Joined: 25-08-08
Sep 13 2010 19:14

The thread title may be more than a bit incongruous with its content, but I find Noa's postings interesting, if only in a historical sense. I don't see why you need to get high and mighty about "worshiping Bolshie reactionaries" mciver; no one has really been doing that as far as I can tell.

Joined: 9-06-09
Sep 13 2010 19:21

Anyone read Josef Weber?

Joined: 3-12-09
Sep 14 2010 08:33

mateofthebloke post 35

Of course, there's a cuckoo's egg in the nest, but according to you no one one has been admiring its wonderful size and shape. Or imagining what a yummy omelette it will make. Yes, we don't really know the writings by Stuchka, Rudas et al, but we just list them tantalisingly as 'forgotten great theoreticians'. Obviously, we must 'remember' them, what's the harm?

Allow me to be less condescending. Rodman's admiring list of Bolshevik state propagandists ('great theoreticians') should be, in my opinion, open to critical scrutiny. Especially if one considers such ideologists analogous to Carl Schmitt and other 'great theoreticians' of law and domination. Of course that whole period of USSR history is interesting, including the writings and activities of Rodman's 'greats'. But as source material for a study of mental enslavement, bureaucratic servility and political criminality, all in the name of 'communism' and 'under the banner of Marxism'. Clearly, that critical approach is sorely missing in 'left communists' like Rodman -- the thread 'forgotten great theoreticians' says it all, a Qualität mit Prädikat for apparatchiks very few, including Rodman, have read.

Samotnaf's citing of Joseph Weber is, however, most welcome. Weber's Contemporary Issues was a valuable and critical source of ideas in the 50s. There's an online study by Marcel van der Linden, on

Weber is, and I hope Samotnaf agrees, an almost forgotten theoretician worth re-discovering. But that may need another thread, not one promoting Lenino-Stalinist ordures.

Noa Rodman's picture
Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Sep 14 2010 17:59

Thank you for giving that link about Weber, mciver.

I'm busy now translating the 1928 index of Pod Znamenem Marksizma. It's true that most of the links are to Russian pages, but e-translation is a wonderful tool. Certainly, a word of caution might be appropriate regarding their biographies, etc. as some of the info originates from the 'great soviet encyclopedia'.

Please do add more 'non-Bolshie hacks' to the list.

And thank you revolut; if you hadn't revived this thread I wouldn't have had the idea of asking for more info about 'Under the banner of marxism'.

Noa Rodman's picture
Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Sep 15 2010 21:45

Does anyone know if the following texts of Pannekoek in PZM no.2 of 1928 were first published there (or even, were they published anywhere else)?:

57 Rosa Luxemburg: Shattered hopes
65 Anton Pannekoek: Philosophical basis of revisionism
81 Anton Pannekoek: First rebuff of revisionism

Also, what's the standard name for the title of that text by Luxemburg?

Another question, does anyone know if the index or other info for the journal 'Lichstrahlen' is available online?

Joined: 21-08-08
Sep 15 2010 23:51
Also, what's the standard name for the title of that text by Luxemburg?

I think it's the same. It's from 1903:

Noa Rodman's picture
Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Sep 21 2010 19:24

Alright, though the question about Pannekoek's articles remains unanswered (they're not even here).

About Lichtstrahlen, these were two journals:

Monatliches Bildungsorgan für denkende Arbeiter (1913-1916)

Zeitschrift für Internationalen Kommunismus (1918-1921)

AKA Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftlichen Kommunismus

Like PZM, its in microform.

2nd edit:

Can anyone explain why in the numerous writings of Pannekoek there is a quasi-break of over a decade (1922-1933)? The above linked bibliography mentions he wrote some political articles in 1927, but that's it, and they aren't published afaik.

And if, a big if, Pannekoek's 2 articles were published in the Under the banner of marxism of February 1928 with his consent, what does that say about his political position at the time? (A related question is, when did he become a council communist?)

Noa Rodman's picture
Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Dec 27 2010 13:07

Isaak Rubin's bibliography is incomplete. Some may know that he wrote 'Essays on marx's theory of money', which is an unpublished work. Anyway, now thanks again to a specialist archivist the following titles can be added:

in D. B. Rjazanov and the Marx-Engels Institute: Notes towards further research:

Review. Political economy, 1924: 478-490
From the latest literature on the marxist theory of money, 1927: 491-498
On the history of the text of the first chapter of K. Marx's Capital, 1929: 63-91
New 'Anti-Marx', ibid.: 454-463
Marx's teaching on production and consumption, 1930: 58-131

in Zeitschrift des Marx-Engels-Instituts in Moskau, Frankfurt-am-Main, Marx-Engels-Archiv Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., editor: D. B. Rjazanov:

Zwei Schriften Uber die Marxsche Werttheorie, 1926, 360-369
Stolzman als Marx-Kritiker, 1926,1, 370-386

in Annals of Marxism:

N.G. Chernyshevsky as economist, 1928, 3: 22-32
Economic views of Thomas Hobbes , 1930, 1: 18-33


Austrian school, Entry: Small Soviet Encyclopedia (is available online): text

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Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Sep 30 2010 19:22

Evnovich Wolf Motylev. Economist. Born in 1898/9, Ekatsrinodar, today Krasnodar - 1967, Moscow.

In 1918-21 he worked in the Commissariat of Labour of the RSFSR. Member of the RCP (b) since 1920.
Author of several publications and popular-scientific brochures ("Jewish workers' councils and the Jewish workers' congress." Moscow, 1918; "The Paris Commune (March 18, 1871)." Krasnodar, 1924, etc.). He graduated from the Institute of Red Professors (1924/5), lecturer, professor, dean of economics faculty, deputy rector of the Polytechnic Institute in Leningrad (Sverdlov Communist University?). From 1927 he taught at Leningrad universities.

In 1931-33 first deputy chief editor of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, in 1935-38 director research institute Great Soviet atlas of the world, then from 1934 to 1941 vice-president of the Pacific ocean Institute of the USSR academy of sciences.

Active participant in the different discussions of 1920-30s, author of propaganda, pamphlet "Controversial issues Marxist Political Economy (1924), "Variants of the Five year plans, sabotage theory and soviet reality» (1931), etc.

In 1941-49 Professor Moscow State University, in 1950-60 - Moskow Finance Institute. Worked on problems in the field of the political economy of capitalism, the history of the national economies, etc.

Course of Political Economy, v.1. M.-L., 1925;
Problem of the rate of development of the Soviet Union. М., 1929;
Origin and development of Pacific ocean site of contradictions. M., 1939; Finance capital and its organizational forms. М., 1959;
Economic history of foreign countries. M., 1961.
Era of Monopolistic capitalism.
Course of lectures.

Sources from here and here.


Elkon Zinovievich Goldenberg. Figure of the Soviet party and state. Economist.

Born in 1901 Rostov-on-Don. In 1918 menshevik. Since 1920 member of the
RCP (b). In 1920 he was secretary of the editors of the newspaper "Soviet Don", then held several posts in the Red Army in the Don region. In the years 1921-1923 listener at the Institute of Red professors.

(Article 'A few more words on socially-necessary labour' in Under the banner of marxism, 1923, No. 4-5)

In 1923, a short time, sympathized with Trotsky.
In 1924 dean of economic department of the Leningrad communist university, named after Zinoviev. Since 1927 member of the editorial board of the journal ''Communist International'', has worked at the newspaper "Pravda" and the journal "Bolshevik". In 1928 was the instructor of the Western-European bureau of the Komintern in Berlin. Later worked at the USSR State Planning Committee, became deputy Chairman of Gosplan RSFSR. In the second half of the 1920s he was a member of the "school of Bukharin".

In 1930 he admitted his "rightist-oppurtunist" errors. Was sent to the periphery. In the years 1930-1937 held various positions in construction organizations in the Kuznetsk Basin, and then in Kerch. Was arrested on 14/04/1937, RSFSR, Moscow, shot without trial.

Source here and here.

Karetelnik's picture
Joined: 19-12-07
Apr 7 2012 16:28
Isaak Rubin's bibliography is incomplete. Some may know that he wrote 'Essays on marx's theory of money', which is an unpublished work.

This work has now been published:

Rubin, Isaak I. Ocherki po teorii deneg Marksa [Essays on Marx’s Theory of Money] // Istoki. Sotsiokul’turnaya sreda ekonomicheskoy deyatel’nosti i ekonomicheskogo poznanniya. [Origins. Socio-cultural resources for economic activity and economic knowledge]. Moscow.: Publishing house of the Higher school of economics, 2011. Pp. 501–625.

Unfortunately Rubin’s manuscript is incomplete. It was preserved with great difficulty by his widow, Polina Petrovna Rubin. Before her own death in 1958, she passed it on to her sister, who in turn passed it on to her children, M. V. and V. V. Zheltenkov. In 1991 the manuscript, along with some other documents, was donated to the Central Party Archives in Moscow. The other documents included another manuscript by Rubin, Ricardo on capital.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Marxist economic theory was virtually excluded from the “arsenal of economic science” in Russia and twenty years passed before it was possible to publish Rubin’s essays on money.

Entdinglichung's picture
Joined: 2-07-08
Jan 30 2017 14:59

someone from the same period, an article, recently republished on ESSF: Russia in the 1920s: Chayanov’s “Theory of Peasant Economy” and its place in the contemporary intellectual history by Teodor Shanin, originally written in 1986, about Alexander V. Chayanov (1888 – 1937)

jondwhite's picture
Joined: 23-10-12
Jan 30 2017 16:14

Is Amilcar Cabral any good?

Entdinglichung's picture
Joined: 2-07-08
Feb 2 2017 13:07
jondwhite wrote:
Is Amilcar Cabral any good?

only read the Political Manual of the PAIGC which he wrote, not really interesting

Noa Rodman's picture
Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Feb 21 2017 23:09

Stanisław Mendelson (short wiki-page on him)

Being a skilled organizer and publicist, Mendelson personally befriended many foremost European socialists - Friedrich Engels, Karl [sic?] Liebknecht, Eduard Bernstein, Karl Kautsky, Paul Lafargue, Georgi Plekhanov and others.

One of the first Polish socialists/marxists.

Here's a more detailed article:

There are several letters of Engels to him (Stanislav) and his wife (Maria Mendelson).

Here's what Bernstein recalled about the couple:

They were at that time among the guests on Engels’ Sunday evenings. On the occasion of a successful attempt upon the life of the leader of the Russian political police, General Seliverstov, on the part of W. Padlewski, a member of this party, in the summer of 1890, M. and Mme Mendelssohn-Jankovska were notified that they must leave Paris. They at once settled in London, and from that time forwards were almost regular guests of Engels, and very welcome ones.

A member of a wealthy Warsaw banking family, Stanislas Mendelssohn had joined the Socialist movement when still a gymnasium student, and was soon subjected to prosecution. Leaving the country, he was imprisoned in Austria; he them spent many years in Geneva, and later in Paris, working as a writer and organiser for the constitution of a Polish Socialist party, to which end he published the periodical, Pyzedsvit (The Dawn) and the monthly review, Valka Klass (The Class Conflict), and by the sacrifice of considerable means he had provided for the erection and maintenance of a printing-press on which these periodicals, as well as all kinds of pamphlets, could be produced. An attempt to obtain assistance from the Socialists of Posen in 1882 resulted in the imprisonment of himself and his then colleague, K. Janiszevski, for the terms of two and a half and three years respectively, while their party comrade, Mme Maria de Jankovska, was sentenced to six months’ imprisonment. Maria de Jankovska was a child of the aristocracy, the daughter of a member of the old Polish nobility, who had married a wealthy Polish landowner; but she was so devoted to the Socialist cause, that without leaving her husband, and with his consent, she gave up the greater part of the year to Socialistic activities. She had received a good education, having had German and French teachers in her parents’ house, and her appearance was extremely winning. Of even greater importance to the cause was the man she married, after the death of her first husband.

Extraordinarily well read, and a highly critical thinker, Stanislas Mendelssohn seemed to have been created to take part in intellectual symposia. Unhappily all sorts of unfortunate experiences had gradually allowed his critical faculties to degenerate into an acrid scepticism. Giving way to this, he finally turned his back upon the Socialist movement. But he always remained a thoroughly good fellow, ever ready to give help, and with a warm sympathy for all sufferers, his personal opponents not excepted. In Engels’ time his scepticism revealed itself only in the uncommonly witty manner in which he dealt with the events of the day; and the fact that he, compromised as he was, had the courage to undertake a secret journey of organisation, in 1893-94, through Russian Poland, with excursions into Old Russia, led Engels to make a particular friend of him, and induced him, in Mendelssohn’s quarrel with the “Free Russia” people, to take the part of the former in the most vehement manner. Mendelssohn wrote little in German; nevertheless, we may point to an epilogue from his pen to the new edition of Lissagaray’s History of the Paris Commune, as a proof of his great talent for the critical treatment of historical events.

Picture of Maria Jankowska-Mendelson:

Lissagaray's 1894 edition is not online: Geschichte der Kommune von 1871. Mit einem Nachtrag "Die Vorgeschichte und die inneren Triebkräfte der Kommune." Von Stanislaus Mendelsohn.

Mendelson also wrote a Polish book on the Commune (Historya ruchu komunistycznego we Francyi 1871 r.), which is online (use a proxy if you're outside the US).

Noa Rodman's picture
Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Apr 10 2017 07:35

Semyon Wolfson (1894–1941), Belarusian marxist.

Photo of Wolfson in 1922 (middle row, second from the left):

1924 article in PZM : 'A criticism of Kelsen's interpretation of the Marxist theory of State, Anarchism, and Communism'. pp. 179–91 in Soviet political thought: an anthology (also translated in Portuguese).

"For Marxism", 1928 anthology (in Belorusian) of his articles.

Wrote on matriarchy, family, marriage (eg a 1937 book is online in Russian: Family and marriage in their historical development).

Further wrote books on modern religion (1930), Culture and ideology of decaying capitalism (1935), against the racial theories of fascism (1935), etc.

A 1940 book on Heinrich Heine in the "mattress-grave" (the last period of the poet's life when he was paralysed).

During the wave of repression in 1937-1938 Wolfson was able to get in a psychiatric hospital (1938) and stay there, probably until 1940. In 1940-1941 he worked again. After the capture of Minsk by German troops he was captured and killed by the Nazis.

Noa Rodman's picture
Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Jul 8 2017 09:55

Marian Małowist (1909–88), Marxist historian (one of the inspirations for I. Wallerstein's world-system stuff), with focus on uneven development. Born in a Polinized Jewish family, in 1925 he joined the Communist Youth Union, acting in the political-propaganda field among the Lodz working-class youth. Since 1927 he began his studies at the University of Warsaw. After moving to Warsaw, he began to distance himself from political activity, remaining only a sympathizer of the left-wing movement and a member supporting MOPR. In the 1930s, Małowist criticised the oppressive Stalinist policy in the Soviet Union. The most important reason for withdrawing from active political activity was full devotion to historical studies. Malowist did his dissertation under Marceli Handelsman. During World War II he participated in secret teaching in the Warsaw ghetto and in the Podlasie village where he was hiding.

In 2010 Brill published a collection of his essays in English: Western Europe, Eastern Europe and world development, 13th-18th centuries : collection of essays of Marian Małowist.

In English there's also his contribution 'The Trade of Eastern Europe in the Later Middle Ages' in vol. 2 of The Cambridge Economic History of Europe (I stumbled on this due to this thread on Prussian peasants).

Couple of French articles online:
Le développement des rapports économiques entre la Flandre, la Pologne et les pays limitrophes du XIIIe au XIVe siècle (1931)
Quelques observations sur le commerce de l'or dans le Soudan occidental au Moyen Âge (1970),marian-malowist/ :

He was particularly interested in the issues of the Baltic area, the location of Central and Eastern Europe in the economic system of the continent, the relations of Europe and the Orient, the economic mechanisms of Europe at the end of the Middle Ages and at the beginning of modern times. The first works were located on the border of economic and political issues: Stockholm's foreign trade and Sweden's external politics in 1470-1503 (1935), and Kaffa - a Genoese colony in Crimea and the eastern problem in 1453-1475 (written before 1939, 1947). After the war, Małowist dealt with the problems of economic change in Poland and in the whole Baltic area in the 15th and 17th centuries. He developed his monographic studies (also his students) on agriculture, craftsmanship and commodity and money exchange. - Studies on the history of crafts in the period of feudalism in Western Europe In the 14th and 15th centuries (1954).

His numerous articles in journals on the crisis of the fourteenth century in Europe, the importance of Baltic trade for the expansion of the overseas Europe and the role of the nobility in early anti-imperialism (eg, The crisis of feudalism in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, Poland, Russia and Western Trade in the XVth and XVIth Centuries, 1958, East and West of Europe in the 13th-16th centuries. Confrontations of socio-economic structures, 1973) became the starting point for many researches and discussions. The problems of interdependence of systems located on unequal or completely different levels of development, studied on the example of African countries, have resulted in pioneering work: Great Western Sudanese states in the late Middle Ages (1964) and Europe and West Africa in the era of early colonial expansion (1969). At the end of his life, Małowist returned to his former interests by publishing Tamerlan and his times (1985). His last work was an image of slavery in the Middle Ages and modern times - Slavery (1987, together with his wife). Posthumously published a collection of his articles: Europe and its expansion, 14th-17th centuries (1993).

Małowist created his own research school, where the principle of comparative problem-solving was the principle; His pupils included Maria Bogucka, Bronisław Geremek, Jan Kieniewicz, Marcin Kula, Antoni Mączak, Edward Potkowski, Henryk Samsonowicz, Stanisław Trawkowski, Michał Tymowski, Andrzej Wyrobisz, Benedykt Zientara.

Noa Rodman's picture
Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Jul 23 2017 16:00

Fedor Ganz (1910–1983) born in Hamburg, educated at the Sorbonne. Painter, poet, translator. I think the linked biographical note makes a mistake about the gender; Fedor Ganz seems to be rather a woman (see this picture).

main book: Ensayo Marxista de la Historia de España (1934), online here with a 1977 addition. (btw, that site has a library with tons of books in Spanish)

Perhaps can be called just near to Trotskyism, since it cites Mandel in the 1977 edition, but I don't know.

several type-written articles in the online collection:

La Prusse et ses fantomes
La "guérilla" urbaine (link, all other listed articles in this same file)
A propos d'un cinquentenaire. Le Troisieme Reich, une etape dans l'industrialisation du massacre
La difficulté d'être
Locura y razón de estado (The insanity and reason of the state)

An extensive (auto)biography, or rather description of the various countries and times she (?) witnessed:

Fedor Ganz. Inventar vor dem brand. Eine Frau zwischen zwei Welten (here)

Tom Henry
Joined: 26-09-16
Jul 24 2017 01:48

Just back here for a flying two comments (another one on the ‘Can we escape Leninism?’ thread), and then I am gone again.

It is worth scrolling up this thread to read the objections to the thread itself.

Particularly this (see post 35), which links to a text by what seems to be a very forgotten theoretician on this site:

This text, as far as I can see, is not archived on Libcom.

This text is also worth considering:

The Struggle Against Fascism
Begins with the Struggle Against Bolshevism (1939)
By Otto Ruhle:

This text is on Libcom, but interestingly it provoked no discussion:

This is also an informative and challenging text:

And it is on Libcom, but it is introduced misleadingly, and the one comment on the text is effectively pro-Bolshevik.

But, in reality here, Noa Rodman, the field is yours.

Noa Rodman's picture
Noa Rodman
Joined: 4-11-09
Jul 24 2017 08:51

The field here is not mine, everyone is welcome to bring up forgotten theorists, so we can perhaps find more info. It has to be said though, Perlman and Rühle are hardly forgotten – there are sections with their writings on the MIA. (Incidentally one of Perlman's texts not yet online is about Preobrazhensky and Ricardo. Perlman's wife is still alive, so she must have a copy if anyone would like to ask).