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1840s

Critique’s quarrel with church and state (excerpt) - Edgar Bauer

Sketch of Edgar Bauer

The young Edgar Bauer (1820-1886) was credited by Gustav Landauer and Max Nettlau with founding the anarchist tradition in Germany. The following is a selection from his 'Der Streit der Kritik mit Kirche und Staat' (1843), pp. 260-269. After the failed 1848 revolutions Bauer renounced radicalism and embraced conservatism.

The reaction in Germany - Mikhail Bakunin

'Die Reaktion in Deutschland. Ein Fragment von einem Franzosen’ first appeared in Arnold Ruge (ed.), Deutsche Jahrbücher fur Wissenschaft and Kunst, nos. 247-51 (Leipzig, October 17th-21st, 1842) under the pseudonym "Jules Elysard". Die Reaktion was written in response to Ruge's call set forth in the Preface to the first edition of Deutsche Jahrbücher for all Hegelians to enter into political struggle.

Toast to the revolution - Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

Barricades in 1848

An address from Proudhon to the people of Europe about the importance of the wave of Revolutions sweeping through Europe. It also outlines Proudhon's personal theory of Revolution.

Michael Bakunin: selected writings

Michael Bakunin: Selected Writings

Part of the series https://libcom.org/library/works-mikhail-bakunin-reading-guide
Qualitatively the best collection of Bakunin's writings that currently exists, this selection presents the reader with some of Bakunin's most important writings, and illustrates his development from being a close follower of Hegel to becoming the great adversary of Marx and Marxist socialism.

Journal of an early labor organizer

An article by Philip Foner introducing the journal of an 1840s labor organizer from New England.

Bakunin on anarchy: Selected works by the activist-founder of world anarchism

Part of the series https://libcom.org/library/works-mikhail-bakunin-reading-guide

A selection of Mikhail Bakunin's writings compiled by Sam Dolgoff and published by Vintage Books in 1971.

1839-1846: The Anti-Renter movement

Anti-renter meeting poster

Howard Zinn's short history of the Anti-Renter movement against the patroonship system, created in the 1660s when the Dutch ruled New York.

On the History of the Communist League, 1836-1852 - Engels