John Gershman

Debates on the Philippine Left

An article on the contemporary history of the Philippine communist left dominated by the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist (MLM) group Communist Party of the Philippines-New Peoples Army-National Democratic Front (CPP-NPA-NDF). The article details the split in the communist left between the Reaffirmist (RA) camp and the Rejectionist (RJ) camp and the violent purges the CPP-NPA-NDF committed on their own members. Note as well that “Armando Liwanag” is a nom de guerre of Jose Maria “Joma” Sision.