Western Federation of Miners

1908-10: Spokane Free Speech Fight

Account of the free speech and anti job sharking campaign carried out by the Spokane Wobblies.

The Christmas Eve Calumet massacre, 1913

Just some of the child victims of that day

A short history of the biggest mass murder in Michigan history: the massacre of 73 people, mostly the children of striking miners at a Christmas party on Christmas Eve in 1913.

The Haywood-Mayer-Pettibone case - Louis Adamic

Charles Moyer, Bill Haywood and George Pettibone in 1907

Louis Adamic's excellent history of the trial and acquittal of three leaders of the Western Federation of Miners, Charles Moyer, Bill Haywood and George Pettibone, for the murder of ex-Idaho state governor Frank Steunenberg in 1906.

Battles in the Telluride mines, 1901-1903 - Louis Adamic

Smuggler-Union mine, Colorado

A short history of the striking workers who took over the mines in Telluride, Colorado, and the illegal methods the state used to eventually defeat them.

US coal miners' strikes, 1894 - Jeremy Brecher

Jeremy Brecher's excellent account of the overlapping American miners' strikes in 1894: a national strike and a successful stoppage in Cripple Creek, Colorado.