Hundreds of thousands of workers have taken part in a one-day strike, and clashes with police have broken out, after hundreds of coal miners died in Turkey's worst mining disaster, which was no "accident".
It is not clear yet how many workers have been murdered in the mining disaster in Soma, Manisa in Western Turkey. At the time of writing the official death toll stands at 304 though workers in the town claim that they are being lied to about the numbers, and many more have been killed. What is clear is that it is not true that “these types of incidents are ordinary things" as Prime Minister Erdoğan is suggesting. He made a great show of in the immediate aftermath of these terrible events of demonstrating his knowledge of the history of disasters in the mining industry, stretching back to Northumberland in the UK, and placed particular stress on those that happened in the US, a country which has, to quote Erdoğan again “every kind of technology”. The implication, of course, is that these sort of things just happen, they happen everywhere, and they can't be avoided.
This is not the case. Accidents are endemic in coal production because of the drive for profit. The Turkish mining industry has always been infamous for its accident and death rate, and since privatisation in 1984. Alp Gürkan, the CEO of Soma Mining Inc, the owners of the mine, has been claiming this week that “We have spent our income to improve working conditions to avoid possible accidents”, but not so long ago, he was boasting in the media how that before his company took over the Soma mine coal used to cost $130-140 to produce, and that now it costs $23.80 to produce “thanks to the operation methods of the private sector”, which have included cuts in safety precautions, a highly unpopular casualisation of the work force, and buying cheaper locally produced equipment, such as transformers, which were previously imported .According to early reports, it was the explosion of a transformer that set off a chain reaction that led to the Soma mine being filled with suffocating gases..
Turkish mining has an absolutely appalling safety record. The coal industry accounts for just over 10% of industrial accidents, with 13,000 miners involved in accidents last year. Since the year 2,000, 1308 people had died in coal mining accidents prior to these latest events. All this makes Turkey the country with the highest number of mining fatalities in the world after China. However, these figures are deceptive, and when the details are examined, Turkey has a death rate per million tons of coal production of 7.22 workers compared to 1.27 in China and 0.02 in the United States. What this actually means is that workers are nearly six times more likely to die in a Turkish coal mine than a Chinese one, and 361 times more likely than US mine workers.
That said, it is unsurprising the Erdoğan's statement that "Explosions like this in these mines happen all the time. It's not like these don't happen elsewhere in the world” was met with anger and disdain by mineworkers in Soma. Erdoğan proclaimed that there would be three days of “national mourning”, but for workers in Soma this has meant them being attacked by water cannons and gas. The government also added a personal touch to all of this, with an official from the Prime Minister's office, Yusuf Yerkel, being photographed kicking a relative of a dead miner, and the Prime Minister himself being reported to have hit somebody too. The offices of the ruling AKP in the town were smashed.
It was not only workers in Soma who are very clear about where the blame for the disaster lies. Demonstrations quickly spread across the country, and on all of them there were banners proclaiming that it was not an accident, but murder, and that the government was responsible. Demonstrations took place almost immediately all across the country. On Wednesday night, large numbers of people were confronted by police with water cannon, and gas guns, in Taksim square, the centre stage of last years protest movements, as well as in Ankara, and Izmir, and other big cities.
Thursday saw a one day general strike called by the left-wing trade unions, DİSK, KESK, TMMOB, TTB and TDB. The main trade union confederation Türk-İs called for a three minute strike. Angry workers, and students in Ankara attacked, and occupied their offices in response. The strike seems to have been the largest general strike in Turkey for decades. Usually general strikes tend to involve somewhere around half a million workers from these left wing unions. The strikes yesterday went far beyond this, with hundreds of thousands of factory workers, from places where DİSK doesn't have a presence, joining in with the strike, and the protests, and not only for three minutes either. Amongst the strikers were workers in the infamous Tuzla shipyard zone, where over 200 workers have died in industrial accidents in the last three decades. The government seems to be in no mood for taking a conciliatory attitude to strikers, with around 10,000 striking coal miners in the Black Sea province of Zonguldak being docked two days pay despite only being on strike for one day. Incidents like this seem designed to antagonise workers further, and some demonstrations by workers have continued on the day following the strike action. All this two weeks before the anniversary of the start of the Gezi protests suggests that there could well be further struggles in response to these murders and the state brutality that has accompanied it.
D. Valerian 16/5/2014
Thanks for the write-up
Thanks for the write-up Devrim. I was hoping you'd weigh in on this. Great to see the Turkish working class is fighting back and pushing beyond the confines of the trade unions. Do you think there are good prospects for further action? Possibly wildcat strikes?
Those accident statistics are
Those accident statistics are shocking and very upsetting. Thank you for posting this, Devrim.
The government banned any
The government banned any demonstration in Manisa - the larger city where Soma is located- on Saturday after rising protests by the relatives of mine workers. Today, people from other cities who go to the area to express solidarity with families of dead workers and the people of Soma are checked by the police at the entrance to the city. Most of them are not allowed to enter the city. These kinds of encirclements, indeed, have been made mostly in the Kurdish populated regions in the history of Turkey. The government uses the argument that those outside comers are provocateurs. Indeed, the government is trying to surround the city in order to hide the brutality that they caused.
The city has been important for the Ottoman Empire. Most of the şehzades (the son of the Ottoman sultan) were trained there and became rulers of this city on their way to the dynasty which is made necessary by killing ones' brothers. The city has always been remembered with this Ottoman past by the rulers in Turkey. One of the most important figures of the ruling government Bülent Arınç is also from this city where they always march for remembering the Ottoman past. People of Manisa mainly vote for either Islamic ruling party or the nationalist parties such as kemalists or anti-communists. Anti-communist party (national movement party) won the last local elections. The city is, indeed, one of the largest industrial areas in this region and populated mainly by paid-workers. However, with this event, it seems that the “Turkish nationalism” is hurt to the quick.
Many lawyers went to the city after the incident. These leftist lawyers try to examine the incident by collecting some evidences from the witnesses. As the government tries hard to hide the real numbers of dead workers- I think it is no less than 500 miners as there are casual workers too and some argue even that Syrian refugees were among the dead miners including child workers. 36 of lawyers are taken under arrest today with no "rational justification".
Also, there are student occupations at the universities in İstanbul. Mining Department at Istanbul Technical University is occupied. Students along with other demands ask for the expulsion of a professor who is a consultant to the Soma Mining Inc-the running company. He appeared also on tv after the event saying that carbon monoxide poisoning is a “sweet dying” for miners. (I don’t understand why these students do not try to find this silly man and beat him).
I can say that ordinary people are very angry with the system during these days. Wherever you go, you can see working class people talking about politics in a different manner, questioning not only the government but the whole system. There is also a tendency expressed by those petty bourgeoisie people who are trying to normalize the situation as the prime minister Erdoğan call these miner deaths as a "fate" as Valerin has pointed out.
However, one point I need to make, this is not only about making profit. İt is more than that. Those people are obliged to go to the mine for living. Most of the workers or their families used to be farmers until to the 1980s. This company is working with Erdoğan and they are producing coal mainly for the working class people to be distributed "free of charge" by the local organs of the ruling party in return for votes in the elections. Since the 2003s, social transfer costs which are either in the form of direct or indirect has been on steady rise which also explains why the islamic oriented party holds the power.
'The pressure for more
'The pressure for more production was an invitation for the Soma disaster'
An engineer from Soma Mining Inc. talked about the negligence chain behind the disaster*
According to Twitter:
Edit: Hurriyet report here