mining

Exceptional Space: Concentration Camps and Labor Compounds in Late Nineteenth-Century South Africa

De Beers diamond mine, Kimberley, South Africa

Lindsay Weiss explores the relationship between the 1886 'closed labour compounds' of the South African diamond industry, the concentration camps of the 1899-1902 Anglo-Boer war, and the german camps used in th Herero and Nama massacre of 1904. The article makes a critical contribution to linking the wartime camps with to earlier colonial forced labour camps outside wartime, especially since camps in the Boer war have been almost exclusively explored by military historians.

The Iva Valley Shooting at Enugu Colliery, Nigeria: African Workers’ Aspirations and the Failure of Colonial Labor Reform

The Iva Valley Shooting at Enugu Colliery, Nigeria: African Workers’ Aspirations and the Failure of Colonial Labor Reform

The Iva Valley miners strike and massacre at Enugu colliery, 1949

On the 18th November 1949, 21 striking miners and a bystander were shot dead at a British government-owned coal mine at Enugu, Nigeria; 51 were injured.

Masera, Pedro (1877- 1938)

A short biography of the Spanish anarchist miner Pedro Masera, murdered by the Francoists in 1938

Drumheller coal mining strike of 1919

Drumheller strikers, 1919

A short history of a strike by coal miners organised in the syndicalist One Big Union in Alberta which was repressed by bosses and the state.

Birmingham district coal strike of 1908

Birmingham coalminers

A short history of the multiracial coal miners' strikes in Birmingham, Alabama, in the early 20th century which were violently repressed by mine owners and the state.

The Stockade Stood Burning: rebellion and the convict lease in Tennessee’s coalfields, 1891-1895

Something happened in Tennessee, something almost unimaginable to the mine owners and politicians of that
state. When the companies tried to intimidate their workers by bringing in convict labor to take over their jobs, the workers responded by storming the stockades, freeing the prisoners, and loading them onto freight trains bound for Nashville and Knoxville and places far away...The Tennessee convict war was one of the largest insurrections in American working-class history. And yet, unfolding at exactly the same time as the more publicized labor wars in Homestead, Pennsylvania, and Coeur d’Alene, Idaho, it was largely ignored.

A short history of colonialism in Congo, 1885-1997

A missionary with a child whose hand had been severed

A very short overview of Belgian, and latterly US, imperialism in Congo, written by Marty Jezer in 2001.

The Coal Miners’ General Strike of 1949-50 and the Birth of Marxist-Humanism in the U.S.

Written by Andy Philips with a foreword by Raya Dunayevska this gives an overview of the 1949-1950 US coal strike by a participant.