The illusion of the precapitalist gift - humanaesfera

What was the precapitalist gift? In what concrete material circumstances did it make sense? Here, we briefly want to show that the precapitalist conditions which made the gift to make sense are not only without return, but are also absolutely undesirable today. In communist society the enjoyment of the productive forces can neither be a gift nor an exchange of commodities.

A dissection of the metaphysics of scarcity - humanaesfera

Philosophical article that criticizes the metaphysics of scarcity, widely used (as "unquestionable presupposition") to justify the status quo, repression, commodity exchange, state, exploitation - a true theodicy (an imaginary justification of the sufferings and evils of the world). It shows how both economics and ecology are variations of this same metaphysics, radicalized by the commodity fetishism that pervades subjectivity in modern, capitalist society. And there's an addendum that addresses the pre-capitalist gift.

"Middle class": masochistic repressive paranoid moralism - humanaesfera

An attempt to analyze how the material conditions of existence explain the reactionary psychology that prevails in the working class insofar as it is crushed as a class and reproduces exploitation.

Universally interconnected/interdependent conditions of existence - humanaesfera

This article seeks to demonstrate that defending "identities", "nations", "ethnic zones", "communities", "countries", "autarchies", "autonomous territories" or "self-managed areas” is the same as claim the establishment of new private properties and, consequently, new capitals and new states. The article also addresses the issue of the irruption of the world human community which suppresses private property worldwide.

Strike and free production - humanaesfera

When most workers are in the service sector, does the striking tactic make sense if the proletariat use such services in their daily lives? How can we encourage class solidarity in this case?

Autonomy and daily life - Spinoza and Kant's imperative: "Treat others and yourself as ends, not as means" - humanaesfera

A short text about the basics of materialist ethics, our power to change the circumstances of everyday life and creating and developing our abilities and needs.

Against rewards and punishments (against meritocracy, against coercion) - humanaesfera


Short text addressing the issue of rewards and punishments, law, rule of law, meritocracy and wage labor.

Class struggle in the Cuba enterprise - humanaesfera

The nationalized capitalism of Cuba and the worldwide class struggle.

Luta de classes na empresa Cuba - humanaesfera

Sobre o capitalismo nacionalizado de Cuba e a luta de classes em escala mundial.

Artificial intelligence, unemployment and universal basic income: another panacea of the owner class - humanaesfera

How can AI concretely change capitalist society? And how can universal basic income be implemented in practice?