Institute of Race Relations

The 1975 Spaghetti House siege: making the rhetoric real - Jenny Bourne

A history of the Spaghetti House siege of 1975, when three armed black liberation activists intent on a small-scale robbery ended up holding nine waiters hostage for five days. The piece also looks at the life of Wesley Dick (Shujaa Moshesh), one of the ‘gunmen’ protagonists, and is interspersed with his poems on black politics, imprisonment and world events.

From Oldham to Bradford: the violence of the violated

Bradford riots, 2001

From April to July 2001, the northern English towns of Oldham, Burnley and Bradford saw violent confrontations between young Asians and the police, culminating in the clashes of 7-9 July in Bradford in which 200 police officers were injured.

Deadly silence: black deaths in custody

David Oluwale

A detailed study of deaths of people of colour in custody in the UK, published in 1991.