Roman Empire

Onwards, Barbarians!

The Dream Jungle

Bordiga's 1951 commentary on Engels' 1884 "The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State". Within the text, Bordiga analyzes the spirit of so-called barbarism and proclaims that its characteristics are a welcome addition to socialism. Translated and edited by Radical Reprints, 2021.

In the Land of the Black Shirts - Eugene Lanti

Extract from Eugene Lanti's report on conditions in Mussolini's Italy, using testimony from several underground anti-fascists.

Ĉe la lando de la "Nigraĉemizuloj" Ekstrakto

Ekstratko de raporto el Italio dum la faŝista reĝimo.

The early Christian communists

Agape Feast

The early Christian Communities practiced communism, here's how we know.

The Bagaudae: history's first revolutionaries? - Pablo Romero Gabella

A brief introduction to the Bagaudae, the social and historical context of the late Roman Empire, and the modern debates over the meaning of the revolts generally included under this rubric.

'As many enemies as there are slaves’: Spartacus and the politics of servile rebellion in the late republic

Gladiators

A short essay on the politics (real and imagined) of the Three Servile Wars that shook the Roman Empire, with an emphasis on the rebellion led by Spartacus between 73 and 71 B.C.