social movements

Brazil: popular revolt and its limits

Vitória 2011 bus fare protests

June 2018 marks five years since the wave of protests against the price of collective transportation, which shook the streets of hundreds of brazilian cities in 2013. At the heart of those riots was the Movimento Passe Livre (something like Free Pass Movement), an autonomous and horizontal social movement founded in 2005, which defended the gratuity of transport. Written in 2014 by two militants who later left the organization, this article reflects on the limits of that cycle of protests.

Japan's 1968: a collective reaction to rapid economic growth in an age of turmoil

1968 Tokyo student protest

2015 paper written by Oguma Eiji containing lots of interesting historical information about the Japanese radical and student movements of 1968, including historical background and aftermath.

The unemployed in the popular uprising of December, 2001: Report from Greater Buenos Aires

This moving account reveals some prominent facts behind the scenes of the December 2001 uprising in Argentina. Cacho's account reveals the political ideas and tactics of the unemployed, who throughout the 90s had managed to obtain public attention and increasing legitimacy in demanding government assistance by disrupting automobile traffic on highways across the entire territory. The piqueteros - the common label of various similar organizations - had coordinated their actions, not just among themselves, but also with the more traditional leftist movements, unions, and political parties.

Anarchism in Korea: independence, transnationalism, and the question of national development, 1919-1984

Korean anarchists, early 20th century

A regional and transnational history of anarchism in Korea by Dongyoun Hwang. This book provides a history of anarchism in Korea and challenges conventional views of Korean anarchism as merely part of nationalist ideology, situating the study within a wider East Asian regional context.

The Makhnovist movement and the national question in the Ukraine, 1917-1921

Fedir Shchus, sitting centre with other Makhnovist troops

A detailed account and analysis of the Ukrainian revolutionary anarchist army, during the Russian revolution, written by Aleksandr Shubin.

The British Anarchist Movement and the Russian Revolution

Aldred

A short account of how Britiish anarchists related to the Russian Revolution of 1917

Political Situation in Venezuela: Crisis, Trends, and the Challenge of Class Independence

Chavez speaks to workers at the Central Hidroeléctrica de Tocoma.

An examination of Venezuela’s process of social transformation, popular struggles and resulting contradictions under Chavismo, PSUV and now Maduro.

What now? Fighting austerity in a hung parliament

Assembly in Argentina, 2001

Whatever the result of the general election, we need to be building a movement capable of creating a better world.

What? Anarchists in Egypt!

A short account of the anarchist movement, primarily of Italian migrants, in Egypt before 1916, by Costantino Paonessa.

The Russian anarchist movement during the First World War

A detailed history of anarchists in Russia during World War I, written by D.I. Rublyov and translated by Malcolm Archibald.