The first of the statements in this text recognised some value in democracy, but declared it to be secondary to independence, and on this ground the Party refused to endorse the Spanish democrats’ struggle to maintain their democratic regime. The second predicated either that democracy was not threatened, or that it was not a working-class interest. The third was advanced as a repudiation of the others, which had proved indefensible. Reproduced for reference.
Democracy offers an alternative means to force—the ballot; alternative, that is, up to a point. Force ultimately must be the arbiter.
Democracy opens up a new vista to the working class. Socialist parties can precede democracy, but they cannot have the character demanded by working-class interests when the workers have attained political power. The new situation requires the organisation of the working class in a political army as segregated from and hostile to the political parties of the capitalist class as are the armies of two capitalist states at war with each other. The workers must be organised politically on class lines.
The setting up of such a line of demarcation, however, is contingent upon certain conditions. The issue must be clear, and the issue can only be clear when there is no longer, in the whole political field, any matter which involves the interests of both classes.