1700s

A Letter to Boston's "Radical Americans" From a “Loose and Disorderly” New Yorker, Autumn 1770

This picture shows THE FATAL FIFTH OF MARCH OF 1770, called the "Boston Massacre

Midnight Notes on the multi-ethnic rebellion at the roots of the Boston Massacre on March 5, 1770 in which British soldiers shot and killed several people.

Class struggles, climate change, and the origins of modern agriculture

Plantation slavery

Class conflicts and colonial expansion in the context of the Little Ice Age lead to the emergence of capitalist agriculture and the transformation of social relations on a world scale.

Customs in common - E. P. Thompson

Eighteenth-century Britain saw a profound distancing between the culture of the patricians and the plebs. E. P. Thompson explains why in this series of brilliant essays on the customs of the working people, which, he argues, emerged as a culture of resistance towards an innovative market economy.

1600-1980: Introduction to the United States - Noel Ignatiev

Noel Ignatiev

Introduction to the United States: An Autonomist Political History, Noel Ignatiev

The many headed hydra: Sailors, slaves, and the atlantic working class in the eighteenth century - Marcus Rediker and Peter Linebaugh

Article on class struggle and compositon in the period leading up to and during the American revolution, showing how the struggles of sailors and slaves drove the movement to national liberation.

Pirate utopias: Under the banner of death, 1640-1820

An interesting look at the life and times of pirates in the 17th and 18th centuries. This article explores the somewhat libertarian and communalist values which guided the life of a pirate during those years.

1680-1730: Pirates and Anglo-American piracy in the Atlantic

Pirate Ship.jpg

A short history of the Golden Age of Piracy and the origins and role of the pirates in the class struggle on the high seas at the time.

1789-1989: Revolutionary song in France

French Revolution

A history of song, music and revolutionary working class politics in France from the 1789 Revolution up to the 1980s and punk.

1700: The Jolly Roger

Fearsome: the skull and crossbones emblem of the pirates

Information and explanations of the likely origins of the pirate flag, the Jolly Roger.