anthropology

Erisian Mysteries: The art of squatting, resistance and solidarity in Exarcheia, Athens

An anthropological essay by Katelyn Squires on the anarchist activity in Exarcheia, Athens.

Anarchy #060

Issue of Anarchy magazine from February 1966, multiple articles relate to Peckham.

Hunter-Gatherers and Human Evolution: New light on old debates - Richard B. Lee

Bayaka singing

A leading specialist on hunter-gatherers exposes Steven Pinker’s poorly-researched claims that humans have always been war-like.

Richard Lee also summarises decades of research on hunter-gatherers showing how they emphasise food-sharing, gender equality and cooperative childcare. Lee concludes that it was this sort of less aggressive and more cooperative social environment in our evolutionary past that permitted the long childhoods required for human brain growth.

On "Bullshit Jobs"

This is a review of David Graeber's book "Bullshit Jobs."

'Communism in Living' - What can early human society teach us about the future? by Camilla Power

We need to appreciate the significance that understanding primitive communism held for the early Marxists.

Marx himself put aside his work on Capital to do some anthropology, which we find in his notebooks - from which Engels extracted the work which led to The origin of the family, private property and the state. Besides Marx and Engels, there is Rosa Luxemburg: as a prisoner in World War I, she wrote Introduction to political economy, where she deployed the cutting edge of anthropology of her day.

The illusion of the precapitalist gift - humanaesfera

What was the precapitalist gift? In what concrete material circumstances did it make sense? Here, we briefly want to show that the precapitalist conditions which made the gift to make sense are not only without return, but are also absolutely undesirable today. In communist society the enjoyment of the productive forces can neither be a gift nor an exchange of commodities.

A dissection of the metaphysics of scarcity - humanaesfera

Philosophical article that criticizes the metaphysics of scarcity, widely used (as "unquestionable presupposition") to justify the status quo, repression, commodity exchange, state, exploitation - a true theodicy (an imaginary justification of the sufferings and evils of the world). It shows how both economics and ecology are variations of this same metaphysics, radicalized by the commodity fetishism that pervades subjectivity in modern, capitalist society. And there's an addendum that addresses the pre-capitalist gift.

Abundance and scarcity in primitive societies – La Guerre Sociale

A 1977 text reviewing recent scholarship on social anthropology and its implications for understanding the communism of the past, and how it may shed light on the communism of the future, based for the most part on extensive excerpts from Marshall Sahlins’ Stone Age Economics, as well as from the works of Pierre Clastres, Robert Gessain and other anthropologists and explorers.

Chris Knight’s theory of human origins: an abridged account

Edmund Bradden provides an introduction to Chris Knight's theory of human origins. Reposted from the 'Radical Anthropology Group' website.

Karl Marx en de Irokezen - Franklin Rosemont

Irokezen

In zijn laatste levensjaren werkte Karl Marx niet aan verdere delen van Het Kapitaal, maar verdiepte zich, aan de hand van antropologen als Lewis Morgan, in pre-kapitalistische sociale structuren, van de Amerikaanse indianen tot de Russische boerencommune. Volgens Franklin Rosemont zijn de conclusies die hij trok echter nog nauwelijks geregistreerd.
In dit essay uit 1989 verdiept Rosemont zich in Marx' Ethnological Notebooks en onderzoekt hun belang en betekenis voor de sociale bewegingen van vandaag.