The first installment of a planned series of articles on Manuel Escorza del Val and the espionage and counterespionage agency he directed during the Spanish Civil War (the Investigation and Intelligence Commission of the CNT-FAI), with discussions of the espionage agencies of the Nationalists, the Catalonian government, the Republican parties, the Communists, as well as other anarchist and anarchosyndicalist special operations groups, including the German anarchosyndicalist exiles (DAS), focused for the most part on their activities in Catalonia and on the French border.
EL ECO DE LAS MULETAS.docx (250.92 KB)
El Eco de las Muletas.pdf (1.38 MB)
The Echo of the Crutches - Victor Malavez.docx (287.35 KB)
The Echo of the Crutches - Victor Malavez.pdf (360.71 KB)
The Echo of the Crutches - Victor Malavez.epub (224.57 KB)
The Echo of the Crutches - Victor Malavez.mobi (151.68 KB)