Top 10 left communists and council communists
Dutch and German
1. Anton Pannekoek
Anton Pannekoek was a Dutch theorist and the main theorist and founder of council communism. He wrote for Dutch and German publications. He was a critic of anarchism, social democracy and Leninism. His main works were Workers Councils, Marxism and Darwinism and Lenin as Philosopher: A Critical Examination of the Philosophical Basis of Leninism.
2. Otto Ruhle
Otto Ruhle was a German Marxist and member of the Spartacus League. His most famous works are Karl Marx: His Life and Works and The Revolution Is Not A Party Affair.
3. Herman Gorter
Herman Gorter was a Dutch council communist. His most famous work is Open Letter to Comrade Lenin which is a response to Left-Wing Communism: An Infantile Disorder.
4. Paul Mattick
Paul Mattick Snr was a German communist writer in the council communist and left communist tradition. His key work was Marx and Keynes: The Limits of the Mixed Economy. Other works are The Masses and Vanguard, Council Communism, Introduction to Anti-Bolshevik Communism and Capitalism and Ecology.
5. Karl Korsch
Karl Korsch was a German left communist considered the main figure of the ‘Western Marxism’ tradition. He is known for his writings on Karl Marx and philosophy including Marxism and Philosophy.
6. Amadeo Bordiga
Amadeo Bordiga was an Italian Marxist and founder of the Italian Communist Party. Eventually he was expelled from the party.
7. Onarato Damen
Onarato Damen was an Italian left communist influential in the Internationalist Communist Party (Battaglia Comunista). He was author of Bordiga Beyond the Myth and Gramsci between Marxism and Idealism.
8. Cornelius Castioriadis
Cornelius Castioriadis was a Greek-French Philosopher who co-founded Socialisme ou Barbarie.
9. Gilles Dauve
Gilles Dauve is a French theorist. Dauvé has attempted to fuse, critique, and develop different left communist currents, most notably the Italian movement associated with Amadeo Bordiga (and its heretical journal Invariance), German-Dutch council communism, and the French perspectives associated with Socialisme ou Barbarie and the Situationist International.
10. Sylvia Pankhurst
Sylvia Pankhurst was an English suffragette and later left communist. Her most notable work was Communism and its Tactics.