Italy

Violence of the State - I Volsci

Graphic from the cover of I Volsci issue 4 May/June 1978

I Volsci (The Volscians) are a group of Autonomists well rooted in the proletarian quarters of Rome. They are considered the “hard" fraction of the movement. I Volsci are known for their political agitation inside the Polyclinic and for their active support of the squatter's movement. Their free radio, Radio Onda Rossa, covers the metropolitan area.

Memorial from Prison

This document was written on May 24, 1979 from the "Special Wing — G 8” of the Rebibbia jail in Rome by Mario Dalmaviva, Luciano Ferrari Bravo, Toni Negri, Oreste Scalzone, Emilio Vesce and Lauso Zagato. Footnotes were added by the Editors.

Negri's Interrogation (trial transcript 1979)

Judge Palombarini questions Toni Negri, May 18, 1979, Padua

Arrested on April 7, 1979, Toni Negri appeared a few days later before his judges. As opposed to Oreste Scalzone, Negri then found it advisable to answer questions to his writings. The following transcript is invaluable inasmuch as it exemplifies the “bizarre” procedure adopted by the judges. As it happens, the Autonomists were incriminated on the basis not of any previous evidence, but on their very answers.

The ANSA Story - Ferrucio Gambino and Seth Tilet

A discussion about the Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata (ANSA: literally "Associated Press National Agency") the official Italian new agency - and the print media in the 1970s in general.

Workerist Publications and Bios - Sergio Bologna

Overview of some publications and individuals active in Autonomia in Italy in the 1960s and 1970s.

April 7: Repression in Italy - CARI

The following analysis of the April 7 operation was written by the New York Committee Against Repression in Italy (CARI).

Anatomy of Autonomy - Bifo

Franco Berardi, alias "Bifo”, was one of the main figures of the Movement of 77 in Bologna. He was arrested at that time under the charge of “subversive association”. We asked Bifo to write the following presentation on the context in which the Movement developed and the problems it had to confront up to, and after, the April 7 arrests.

Forty Years Since the Death of Onorato Damen

The document which follows comes from a speech at a public meeting held by the Internationalist Communist Party (Battaglia Comunista) on 16 October 1979, two days after the death of Onorato Damen. Neither we nor our Italian comrades have ever made a fetish of Damen, despite his stature as a revolutionary, and the enormous contribution he made to the foundation of what today is our Internationalist Communist Tendency. However, we could not let the occasion of the fortieth anniversary of his death go unmarked.

Lama Sabachthani

On February 17,1977, Luciano Lama, the Communist union leader entered the occupied Rome University to 'lecture' the Students. He was —none too gloriously— driven off the campus. This is an eye-witness account of the event which broke open the deep-rooted conflict between the "new left" and the Italian Communist Party.

Gramsci: Between Marxism and Idealism

This edition of Revolutionary Perspectives goes to press at the same time as our English translation of Onorato Damen’s book Gramsci between Marxism and Idealism published after his death in 1979 (see leftcom.org or footnote 8 for how to purchase). By way of a taster we present an obituary which we translated from Prometeo.