Chronological Notes - Karl Marx

Karl Marx

Four notebooks on history, presumably written towards the end of Marx's life. Published only in Russian: Хронологические выписки, volumes 5-8 of the Marx and Engels Archives (1938-1946).

"The entire manuscript consists of four notebooks.

The first book (141 manuscript pages) contains a chronological overview of the political history of European countries from the I century BC to the beginning of the XIV century.
The second book (145 pages) embraces the XIV century and the first half of the XV century.
Third (143 pages) - in the second half of the XV century to the 70s of the XVI century.
The fourth (116 pages) - the end of the XVI century and the first half of the XVII century."

It seems these notes (Chronologische Auszuge) have been published only in Russian. An English translation does exist of a work of a similar nature: Marx's Notes on Indian history (664-1858), online at

The volumes 5-8 must be downloaded from here:,_ENGEL'S_Fridrih/_Marks_K.,_Engel's_F..html

I upload and attach volume 7 because it is a text file, the others are unfortunately djvu files.

e-translation of table of contents:

Volume 5

Preface (III).
{From the beginning of the Roman Empire to the Italian Ostrogoths conquest (91 BC + 493)}. (5).
State of the Ostrogoths in Italy (493-553) (21).
{Italy to Charlemagne (565-774)} (25).
{Italy under Charlemagne (768-814)} (30).
The feudal system in Italy (33).
Sicily when Arabs 827-1070 {} (35).
{From the Carolingian Louis the Pious to the death of Louis the German (814-876)} (38).
The Byzantines 717-1034 {} (40).
The last Carolingians after the death of Louis the German {876-911} (44).
The last Carolingians in France 888-1005 {} (47).
{814-951} Italy (51).
The first Capet in France 987-1067 {} (56).
Germany and Italy {} after the death of Louis Bambino 911-1026 {} (57).
The general condition of the Italian beginning of XI century (68).
The Normans {end of the VIII century - 1022} 70
{Salic Conrad II (1024-1039). Burgundy. Hungary. The war with Poland and the Czech Republic. Hiking in Italy} (72).
{Henry III (1039-1056)} (76).
The Byzantines of Basil II (from 976) to Alexis I Comnenus (1081) (79).
{Henry III in Italy (1043-1049)} (83).
{Normans in Italy and Sicily (1036 - before the end of the XI century)} (84).
{Lombardy after the death of Henry III (1056)} (89).
By Pope Leo IX to Gregory VII {1048-1073} (90).
{Henry IV (1056-1077)} (92).
The religious struggle in Milan {1062-1076} (96).
Henry IV, Robert Gyuiskar and Gregory VII (97).
{Henry V (1073-1125). The dispute about investiture.} (103).
{Mohammedan world (945-1156)} (109).
Fatimids in Egypt before the era of the Crusades {} 968-1077 (114).
Okaylidy, Kilyabidy and first Atabegi in Syria {} 991-1121 (118).
The First Crusade and Kingdom of Jerusalem {1093-1127} (121).
Asasinov State (127).
Military order and the Kingdom of Jerusalem before the Second Crusade; the first orders: Templars and poanpity {1118-1146} (129).
{Germany and Italy (1125-1152)} (132).
{Frederick Barbarossa (1152-1190)} (139).
France {1067-1180} (149).
England {1066-1189} (154).
Second Crusade (1147-1149). East before the Third Crusade (161).
Kingdom of Jerusalem before the Third Crusade {1149-1189} (164).
Frederick Barbarossa and his crusade {1181-1191} (168).
Crusade of Philip Augustus and Richard the Lionheart. [1090 - October 1192. The Third Crusade.] (170).
Germany and Italy on the death of Frederick Barbarossa to the murder of Philip of Swabia {1190-1208} (174).
{England and France (1192-1223)} (178).
Recent crusades and events associated with them {1198-1202} (184).
Venice with {V} century to 1172 (186).
{1081-1202} The Byzantines (188).
Fourth or Latin crusade. 1202 to mid-April 1204 (194).
The Latin Empire of Constantinople and the Empire of Nicaea (1204-1261) (199).
Ayyubids and Christian past trips to the East from the death of Saladin to the end of the First Crusade of Saint Louis (1193-1254) (208).
Crusade of St. Louis to the East (1248-1254) (213).
From the emergence of the Khorezm State until the Asia Minor Ottoman Turks (215-232).
I. West during the Last Crusade (232-267).
II. Italy, the Papal States, Rome, Florence, Pisa, Milan. (End of the XIII century.) (267).
III. Germany in the XIII century (274-300).
England and Scotland to the Scottish king Balliol {1219-1295} (301).
Louis VIII of France to the accession to the throne of Philip IV (1223-1285) (308).
{Philip IV and his quarrel with Boniface VIII (1296-1314)} (314).
{Louis X, Philippe V and Charles IV (1314-1328)} (321).
{England under Edward II (1307-1327)} (324).
The northern and eastern European states until the middle of the XIV century (328-352).
Applications (353-420).
From the work of Carlo Botta "History of the peoples of Italy" (355-415).
From the work of Schlosser's "World History" (416-420).

Volume 6

Preface (III).
{I. Germany, Italy, England, France, in the XIV century (until the end of the 80s)} (3-75).
II. Germany and Italy on the death} {Ludwig of Bavaria (October 11, 1347) before returning to Rome, Pope Urban V in 1367 (75-91).
III. Spain and Portugal from the Umayyad to the fall of Henry Trastamarskogo (92-126).
IV. Italy and Germany. The second half of the XIV pitch (126-169).
XV century {I. Turkey and Byzantine history before the conquest of Constantinople} (169-208).
II. Germany up to the middle of the XV century (209-259).
III. Italy and Spain. Beginning of the XV century (259-302).
A) England and France in the first half of the XV century (303-345).
B) Burgundy, Switzerland, Germany and France in the second half of the XV century (346-401).
B) England from the Battle of Northampton (19 July 1460) until the end of the war of the two roses (401).

Volume 7

Preface (III).
1) Henry VI and Edward IV {Continued} (3).
2) Richard III (1483-1485) (9).
3) the reign of Henry VII to the 1489 (15).
D. Spain and Italy from 1430 to Ferdinand the Catholic (18-33).
The second half of the XV century (33).
I. Italy before the invasion of the French under Charles VIII (33-52).
II. France, Spain, Germany, Italy, at the end of the XV century (52-94).
II {and} from the end of the XV century to 1519 (death of Maximilian) (the XVI century) (94-133).
III. Germany, Spain, France, England and Italy in the first time of the Reformation. XVI century (134-172).
IV. The German business of Worms Imperial Diet before the first religious peace (1532) (172-200).
V. The Turks, Hungary, Czech Republic, Henry VIII of, the German Empire until the end of the Schmalkaldic War (200-268).
VI. Charles V of Germany and to the Imperial Diet of Augsburg in 1555 (268-277).
VII. Consequences of the Reformation (277-323).
XVI century. Continued (323).
I. Philip II. Netherlands. French Wars of Religion to Henry III (323-344).
II. Sultan Selim II. England. Philip II. Internecine wars in France and the Netherlands before the accession to the throne of Henry IV (344-398).

Volume 8

Preface (III).
XVI century. End (3).
III. Germany and England before the end of the XVI century and Scandinavian history up to that time (45).
XVII century (97).
I. The situation in Europe {} to the beginning of the Thirty Years' War (97).
II. The Thirty Years War (132).
III. France and Spain when Marie de Medici and Cardinal Richelieu (230).
IV. The last period of the Thirty Years War (267).
V. History of England from the death of Elizabeth before beheading Charles I (24 March 1603-30 January 1649) (208).
Karl Marx. ABSTRACT WORK John Richard Green's "History of the English People" (tt.I and II) (317).
Lancaster House. 1399-1461 (388).
Iorksky house. 1461-1485 (399).
From the work of John Richard Green's "History of the English people." London, t.I 1877, T. II, in 1878 (411).

m_e_archive_07.doc2.98 MB

Posted By

Noa Rodman
Aug 21 2016 11:10


Attached files


Noa Rodman
Aug 21 2016 11:14

You must apparently copy-paste the link in your browser:,_ENGEL'S_Fridrih/_Marks_K.,_Engel's_F..html

Noa Rodman
Oct 31 2017 19:41

It seems a part of these notes, just relating to German history, were published in German:

"Aus den .Chronologischen Auszügen" werden aus den Heften III und IV die Teile gegeben, die die deutsche Geschichte vom Ende des 15. Jahrhunderts bis zum Dreißigjährigen Krieg einschließlich behandeln."

As these notes were made towards the end of Marx's life, I gotta say, I don't know if it was the most productive use of Marx's time...

Oct 31 2017 20:28

So wait this doesn't exist in English?


I take a pretty deep interest in Marx's explicitly 'historical' work, so I'd love to see it translated.

Nov 1 2017 00:08

I think the full thing is planned as MEGA IV/29: "Exzerpte und Notizen. Ende 1881 bis Ende 1882 (chronologische Tabellen zur Weltgeschichte)." (Excerpts and Notes: Late 1881 to Late 1882 (chronological tables on world history.)

Noa Rodman
Feb 24 2018 15:37

Michael R. Krätke's article 'Marx and World History' provides a great overview of these notebooks.

Readable online at:


In 1881–1882, Marx undertook extensive historical studies, covering a large part of what was then known as “world history”. The four large notebooks with excerpts from the works of (mainly) two leading historian of his time, Schlosser and Botta, have remained largely unpublished. In this article, Marx’s last studies of the course of world history are contextualized: Marx’s previous historical studies and his ongoing, but unfinished work on the critique of political economy. The range and scope of his notes is astoundingly broad, going far beyond European history and actually covering many other parts of the world. Marx’s focus in these studies supports the interpretation offered in the article: that the author of “Capital” was fascinated by the long process of the making of the modern states and the European states system, one of the crucial prerequisites of the rise of modern capitalism in Europe.